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About Chegau Mi'kmaq Family Tree
The Chegau family is indigenous to North America and is of Lu’nu, Mi’kmaq ancestry.  The Mi’kmaq 
lived in the Mi’kmaq Territory of Mi’kma’ki which includes Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward
Island, Newfoundland, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia and the North East area of Maine.  

The Mi’kmaq Tribe represented by the Sante Mawiomi (Grand Council), numbered about 35,000 in the 
1600s. Prior to contact tribal genealogies were kept by oral tradition and resource, trade and
territory negotiations were represented and administered through Chiefs, Grand Chiefs, Councils,
kinship relationships, Wampum agreements and canoe, tree and rock markings.  

The Mi’kmaq lived amongst other Tribes that spoke the Algonquin dialect. The 2500 year-old 
Augustine Mound, archeology site, of stone smoking pipes, copper beads, shell necklaces and flint 
knives confirm the Mi’kmaq carried out a complex trading system with many different tribes from a
great distance away. 
In 1610 the first registration system for written records is created in Mi’kma’ki when Chief
Membertou makes a Wampum with the Holy See and Vatican. Mi’kmaq birth, baptism, marriage and death
records have been kept at Catholic Church registries throughout the East Coast of North America
since 1610. Today, the 1610 Wampum is still in the possession of the Vatican and Holy See.
By the 1700s the Mi’kmaq population is reduced to 2000 Mi’kmaq. Early records for the Chegau family 
from the 1700s can be found in the Roman Catholic Registers of St. Jean Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 
1702 - 1755 and in the Roman Catholic Registers of Caraquet, New Brunswick. Piere (Pierre) Chegau,
Etien (Etienne) Chegau and Jacque Chegan signed the 1726 Peace and Friendship Treaty.  All are
shown on the Treaty under the signature of Chief Jean Baptiste, Cape Sable, as living at Cape

Piere Chegau married Marguerite, the daughter of Chief Jean Baptiste, Kespukwitk, Mi’kma’ki (Cape 
Sable). Paul married Marie Son and Paul and Marie’s daughter married Henri L’Official who was of
Abernaki and French ancestry. The next generation intermarried with the Camus, Alexander and Benoit 
families and mainly settled in Newfoundland, Labrador, Cape Breton and Nova Scotia.  

By 1755 the Mi’kmaq and Acadian people have intermarried for about 150 years, France and England 
continue to fight and England forcibly removes the Acadians on to ships and deports the Acadians 
from Mi’kma’ki. Mi’kmaq people with Acadian ancestry, including the grandchildren of signatories of 
the Peace and Friendship Treaties are forced aboard ships and removed from Mi’kma’ki.  Some of the 
Mi’kmaq deported by the British dies at sea during the Acadian Deportation.
In 1760 the British order Acadian land tenures to be forfeited to the British which the British 
later give to New England Planters in the form of land grants.  Several Mi’kmaq, of Acadian 
ancestry, wrongfully lose title to their farms resulting in the removal of Mi’kmaq names from the
land registry.
DNA results from the Chegau Mi’kmaq Family DNA project and the expanding Chegau family tree show 
the Chegau family is intermarried with the Inuk, Beothuk, Maliseet, Mohawk, Abernaki, Cree, 
Chipewyan and Salish people. As well the Mi’kmaq was amongst the first tribes to make contact with 
the various explorers, traders and fisherman that first visited the East Coast of North America. 
In 1829, the last known Beothuk, Nancy Shanawdithit, died of tuberculosis. DNA testing of a Chegau 
descendant in Newfoundland confirms Mi’kmaq and Beothuk DNA. The Beothuk Tribe may be extinct but
the Beothuk DNA is not extinct.

In genealogy a brick wall is caused by the environment such as an earthquake, flood, or fire and/or 
by human activity such as genocide. Brick walls unique to people with DNA indigenous to North 
America have impacted the genealogy of the Chegau family.  

Thank you, for contributing your genealogy and family photographs that confirm your relationship to 
our Mi’kmaq ancestors and to the Chegau family tree.  The Chegau family genealogy is indigenous to 
North America.
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