|About The Crosthwaite's Family Tree
Website under construction in August of 2008.
How do you share family genealogy? This is our attempt to share with all members of
this family and all branches.
A word about the spelling of the name - Crosthwaite this spelling can be traced back
to Crosthwaite, Cumbria, England, Glasgow & Strathclyde Scotland the variations of the spelling
are attributed to typographical error and/or name changes by the family. Crosthwaite,
Crosthwait,Croswit, Croswitt, Crosswit, Croswitts, Crosswait, Crosswhite, Crossright,
Croswright, and Croswhite and all with variations of "s" are accepted as variations of the
original spelling of Crosthwaite. New information on the pronunciation of the name from John
James Henry in Tennessee, quoted Carol Crosswhite, last known in Arizona, the proper
pronunciation would have been Croswit - "th" is silent and waite or wait would have been
pronounced "wit", it's been noted by several members of different branches that the name was
changed because they got tired of the mis-pronunciations and mis-spellings." If it's
pronounced Croswit, it's easy to see why it would have been spelled this way as in the case of
the marriage record at Christ Church between William Croswit & Hannah Chew Ward.
William Crosthwait, first known Crosthwaite ancestor on this website believed to have come from
Cumberland England first found in Philadelphia Pennsylvania abt 1720, where his children were
born, the family moved to Spotsylvania Virginia abt 1732 where he purchased land. This is the
same William Crosthwaite known to be from Orange Co. Virginia.
February 2019 New Discoveries – Or Mistakes? If you have information to support or discredit,
please contact me.
The FIRST discovery is with the Abraham Crosthwait married Mary Taylor claim, based on research
by Vida Vance.
Although no actual proof had been offered for this claim, it remained as an assumption by
genealogy researchers for years. One of the major objections to this marriage was the fact
that George Taylor, who was the supposed father of this Mary, had no daughter's, only son's,
which was repeatedly stated in books and other research. In 2018 I ran across information
about George Taylor's, second wife Sarah Taliaferro Conway and this information included the
children of Sarah & her first husband Francis Conway II. Among their children was a Mary, and
in the research I was looking at, this Mary Conway was married to Abraham Crosthwait. It
wouldn't be that uncommon for this Mary Conway to be referred to as Mary Taylor after her
mother married George Taylor.
9/2017-I have found what might be the answer to the Mary Taylor, daughter of George Taylor
question. On RootsWeb World Connection website. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-
Encyclopedia of VA Biography, p 337. (some errors)
VA Historical Collection of Dinwiddie Papers, Vol 2. p 103-104.
Brewer, Mary T. From Log Cabins to the White House, 1985. p 319.
Sparacio, Ruth and Sam. A Digest of Orange Co VA Will Books 1734-1838, 1987.
Researched and written by Ann Blomquist.
I sent out e mails to descendants of Abraham that I have met through my website, I discussed
the possibility and asked for their opinions and got back a response from Sandy Herve, and she
revealed that her DNA results support this theory, she had more hits on the Taliferro & Conway
families than the Taylor's. For more information about this marriage see Mary Conway's page on
this website. I also state for the record, I have seen other sources that dispute this
The SECOND discovery is with Peter W. Taylor who married Nancy Crosthwait, daughter of Jacob
Crosthwait, son of William of Orange. Who Peter descended from was not known. My genealogical
buddy on this branch is Patti Adinolfi, I have contacted her about the information and
discussed the possibility of who I am putting forward as the father & family of Peter Taylor.
This Peter W. Taylor as son of Samuel Taylor I is at this time (9/2018) speculation it hasn't
been proved 100%, but there is so much information that points to it, that it cannot be
ignored. Therefore, it will be the latest theory until something else is found. I did extensive
research and what I found coincided with previous research and the family tradition of Peter's
descendants. For more information on this research see Peter W. Taylor's page on this website.
Finding ancestor's in the royal family of England – The Wentworth's, on my maternal side.
The THIRD discovery is with Margery Wentworth, married John Seymour who are parents of Jane
Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII. Thanks to Gerald Ralph Fuller who did extensive research on
my mother's family – The Allen's and Knapps, which I have transcribed onto this website, I knew
something about the Wentworth family, and since this family had titles, the name stuck with me.
So while watching “The White Queen”, I heard the name Wentworth mentioned by Cecily Neville,
Duchess of York (the mother) of Edward IV. And since I wasn't that familiar with his reign, I
did a little research and found the connection to Jane Seymour & Henry VIII.
And then found an amazing amount of information on the Wentworth's on Wikipedia and free google
e books, and I should also mention a fantastic PBS Documentary called 'The Country House
Revealed', The Wentworth-Woodhouse is #4 of this series, and can be watched on U Tube.
My ancestor Robert Wentworth inherited the Woodhouse Estate when he married Emma Woodhouse –
probably in the 13th century. Robert was living in 1275. However, the Wentworth-Woodhouse in
the series was not standing when Robert married Emma, it wasn't built until after the first
Wentworth ancestor to the colonies had left, although it was built by a descendant of Robert &
This is not the only series that the name Wentworth is mentioned, it is also mentioned in the
Poldark series which is filmed in the Yorkshire area of England. The Wentworth mentioned in
this series was a judge who would preside over the charge that Poldark had murdered someone.
So again, it caught my attention.
The Wentworth's go back to William the Conqueror, and are found in the the earliest records
known in England, the Doomsday Book, living in the Yorkshire area of England, it's noted that
they were Saxon's not Norman's, first known Wentworth on this website is Rynold De Wynterwade,
land owner in Yorkshire 1066. At an early time in history they were close to the royal
families through the ages, and married into many noble families.
Side Note: I do not claim to descend from the marriage of Henry VIII & Jane Seymour, they only
had one child and he died without issue. I share ancestor's with Margery.
FOURTH – The discovery of the Richard Chew house in Camden, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. I
never know what a search on the internet will turn up. There's so much more information now
(2019) than ever before, and hopefully there will be more to come. The Richard Chew house is
referred to now as the Wainwright/Moffa House. Built circa 1699, it was scheduled for
demolition, but the West Jersey History Project saved it. This is the home of my 7 x great
grandfather. This branch of the Chew family were Quaker's. Richard's daughter Hannah married
William Crosthwait in 1725, she mother to my ancestor Isaac. Hannah's cousin Thomas Chew
married Martha Taylor, they grand aunt & uncle of President Zachary Taylor, Martha's brother
Zachary Taylor grandfather. Martha Taylor's sister Frances married Ambrose Madison,
they parents of James Madison Sr., he married 'Nelly' Conway, she sister of Francis Conway II,
who married Sarah Taliaferro, who's daughter Mary married Abraham Crosthwait (above). James &
Nelly parents of President James Madison Jr. Thomas Chew co-owned the Montpelier Estate with
James Madison Sr., when James Madison died, Thomas Chew became sole owner of Montpelier. Thomas
Chew a gentleman with high moral standards relinquished his ownership of Montpelier to James
Madison Jr., insuring that he and his mother had a home. John Chew first known ancestor was
in Jamestown in 1622. The Chew family held offices in government and there are several
historical sites that I know of, Clivedon in Philadelphia, Chew's Landing in New Jersey, the
Chew/Wallings Cemetery across the street from the Wainwright/Moffa House, and of course the
And FIFTH – not so new discovery, my Mayflower Ancestor's – yes, I have the right to brag that
I have more than one Mayflower Ancestor. They are: Stephen Hopkins, Edward Fuller, William
Brewster, all on this website.
Ok, so if you're reading this, and thinking that all the historical genealogy, royal
connections, and stories are unique, I disagree. I had no idea about any of it when I began
researching in 1993 and I'm going to offer the following evaluation written by Rev. Horace
Edwin Heyden. He has perfectly described what I have suspected to be true during my research.
"Virginia Genealogies: A Genealogy of the Glassell Family of Scotland and Virginia" : Also of
the Families of Ball, Brown, Bryan, Conway, Daniel, Ewell, Holladay, Lewis, Littlepage,
Moncure, Peyton, Robinson, Scott, Taylor, Wallace, and Others, of Virginia and Maryland. By:
Rev Horace Edwin Heyden – Rena Gray Fazel, published 1891.
Page xi – “Descent.” “Honor and shame from no conditions rise, Act well your part, there all
Heyden writes: "This essay is made necessary by the omission from these pages of many family
traditions, and the presentation of historical facts which justify the omission; also by the
many comments made to the author, as a disinterested person, by individual members of prominent
families in Virginia relative to other kindred, allied or associated in Virginia were those
from which she descended, because of their coats of arms were undoubted, and that no other
families in Virginia equaled hers. Yet none of the families from which she descended are able
to note their descent beyond the 15th century.
The two greatest Virginians of the past century, George Washington and Robert Edward Lee, with
either of whom any man in America might be proud to begin his lawful pedigree, knew nothing,
save by tradition, of the immediate line of their English descent. No lines of royal blood,
however concentrated, could add to the kingly character of these heroes who, in all that
constitutes nobility of manhood, were well nigh peerless. And yet, until the discoveries by
Mr. Henry F. Waters during the present year*, the English ancestry of Washington was
undetermined, and that of Lee is still in abeyance."
*Since Heyden doesn't specifically say what the 'present year' is, this book was published in
1891, so I suggest it was around this time.
"If family claims can be used as a scale of measurement, there are very few American families
that are not of noble or royal descent. Especially is this apt to be the case with those of
English origin, which comprise most of the descendants of the early settlers of New England,
Maryland, Virginia and the Carolina's.
New England families are mainly descended from forefathers who left the mother country early in
the 17th century. Those of the Middle and Southern States, mainly from those who came to
America the third and fourth quarter of that century. The one is descended from the Pilgrim
and Puritan element, while the other derives from the adherents of the Charleses. So much has
been said, however, about the social distinctions between Cavaliers and Roundheads, as the two
opposing parties were designated, that many of the present day who do no thinking, really
believe that he who cannot claim Cavalier descent must necessarily be of plebeian origin. Even
a cursory glance at English history will undeceive any one who holds such views. The element
that gave being to New England, like that which made permanent colonies of Maryland and
Virginia, was composed of the younger sons of titled families—esquires, gentlemen, merchants,
yeomen and tradesmen—men of gentle blood. The war which divided England into two factions,
Royalists and Cromwellians, was purely a Civil war. The American Revolution, 1775-1783, and
the late War between the States, in both of which, not only communities but families were
divided in sympathies, in opinions and in actual warfare, should suggest the fact that the wars
of the Cavaliers and Roundheads were also necessarily a separation of communities and of
families. The social standing of the leaders on the Cromwellian side before the dethronement
of Charles I, equaled that of their fathers and uncles, brothers and cousins, on the Royal
The number of families to be found among descendants of the New England Puritans which, like
the Chaunceys and Bulkeleys, can prove their Royal descent from English kings, equals the
number to be found in any other part of the United States. The same can be said of New England
families whose right to use Coats of Arms, and whose ancestry is deduced by documentary
evidence from ancient and titled families.
The religious fervor of the New England settlers made it a virtue to sever all connection with
the mother country before the Revolution. Hence many New England families purposely ignored
their English pedigree. The patriotic feeling of the Maryland and Virginia colonies during the
Revolution led to a similar neglect. Hence it is that this volume contains only two families
that show proof of direct and ancient lines of descent, i.e. Peyton and Wallace. Col. Richard
Lee of Virginia, 1641, the head of that distinguished family, was a Roundhead, and allied
himself with the Cromwellian party. It is shown on p. 97 that his son, Hancock Lee, married
the daughter of Isaac Allerton, the Pilgrim emigrant of the “Mayflower,” whose wife was the
daughter of the Pilgrim leader, Elder William Brewster. But a remarkable evidence of the
common origin of the New England and Virginia emigrants appears in the similarity of the names.
Of the many names of Virginia families who came from Great Britain during the middle of the
latter part of the 17th century,and settled in Virginia, the following had representatives
among New England settlers from Great Britain during the early and middle part of the same
century. These families will some day most assuredly be found to have had the same origin in
the mother country:
Alexander, Ashby, Ball, Baldwin, Ballentine, Barnes, Beale, Billington, Blackwell, Bacon,
Bolling, Bowen, Britton, Brown, Browne, Bryan, Burgess, Cabell, Campbell, Carrington, Carter,
Cary, Chapman, Chichester, Churchill, Claggett, Clarke, Conway, Cooke, Corbin, Dade, Daniel,
Eppes, Ewell, Forrest, Fox, Fry, Giles, Gordon, Green, Griffin, Harris, Harrison, Hart, Hayes,
Heath, Hegeman, Hedgman, Henderson, Herbert, Horner, Hunton, Hussey, Isham, Jackson, Jefferson,
Jenner, Johnson, Jones, Keith, Kendall, Kidder, Kimball, Knox, Lacy, Lee, Lewis, Lindsey,
Little, Long, Ludlow, Lund, Lyons, Macarty, Marshall, Martin, Mason, Massey, Mayo, McDonald,
Mead, Minor, Mitchell, Montague, Montgomery, Moore, Morgan, Morton, Moss, Mundell, Monroe,
Murray, Nelson, Page, Parke, Pendleton, Picket, Porterfield, Powell, Randolph, Rolfe, Selden,
Spencer, Stanard, Thome, Travis, Tyler, Walker, Wallace, Ware, White, Whiting, Yates, &c., &c.
The charge has been made by prejudiced writers, and repeated, without examination, by many who
draw their history from second-hand authorities, that many Virginia families are descended from
the convict element sent to that colony by the mother country in the 17th century. R.A. Brock,
Esq., F.R.H.S., in his admirable address of Oct. 13, 1891, before the “Historical and
Geographical Society” of Richmond College, made the following conclusive reply to this charge:
Some writers seem to delight in the assertion that Virginians are largely the descendants of
felons—vile criminals. The chief authority for the charge--”Hotten's List of Emigrants to
America, 1600-1700” comprehends, according to the title page, 'Persons of Quality, Emigrants,
Religious Exiles, Political Exciles, Serving Men sold for a period of years, Apprentices,
Children stolen, Maidens pressed, and Others.' These lists include shipments to the West India
Islands and to New England, as well as Virginia. Although the latter destination was at the
period deemed quite a general one south of New England, there are more lists ostensibly for New
England than Virginia. The lists themselves seem to offer no more foundation for the
stigmatizing term 'convict' than in some instances that they were 'rebels' or political
offenders. Dishonor can scarcely be held to attach to such. The magnanimous New Englander
would vouchsafe us all of the felons as he would the entire depravity of man.
The following descriptive prefix to the lists given constantly appears in evidence of the
character as Christians and law-abiding persons: 'They have been examined by the minister of
________ of their conformity, and have taken the oaths of allegiance and supremacy.' The
severity of the penal laws of England makes it patent for what trivial causes the stigma
'felon' or 'convict' was adjudged and affixed. 'It is a melancholy truth [laments Blackstone]
that among the variety of actions which men are daily liable to commit no less than 160 have
been declared by an act of Parliament to be felonies without the benefit of the clergy, or, in
other words, to be worth of instant death' (1).
All persons guilty of larceny above the value of twelve pence were, by the common law, subject
to the death penalty(2). It would appear that the transportation of felons to America was
first authorized by Parliament in 1663, when an act was passed sending hither the 'Moss
Troopers of Cumberland and Northumberland'. (3)
The presence of these Puritans in Virginia was speedily felt. An insurrection among the white
servants of the colony in September, 1663, led, states Beverely, by 'Oliverian soldiers', gave
so great an alarm that measures were taken by rigorous enactment to 'prohibit the importation
of such dangerous and scandalous people, since thereby we apparently loose our reputation.'
(4) In 1671 Captains Bristow and Walker were made to give security in the some of 1,000,000
lbs. Of tobacco and cask, ' that certain 'Newgate birds' be sent out of the colony within two
months (5). Smith in his 'Historie' gives evidence largely as to the character and social
condition of the early settlers of Virginia, and the colony was constantly thereafter a favored
asylum for many of gentle birth during the civil wars of England. Whilst I heartily endorse
the just sentiment of the poet-laureate:
'Tis only noble to be good!
Kind hearts are more than coronets
And simple faith than Norman blood!--
yet, it is true that according to one test there is more evidence preserved of gentle lineage
in Virginia than in any other of the original American colonies. The list of families in the
colony, who in vested right used coat-armor, as attested in the examples of such use on
tombstones, preserved book plates, and impressions of seals is more than 150. The virtue of
such family investment by royal favor may appear somewhat in the fact that the Virginian rebels
Claiborne, Bacon, Washington and Lee, were all armigers, and among others were the Amblers,
Archers, Armisteads, Banisters, Barradalls, Beverleys, Blands, Bollings, Byrds, Carys,
Carringtons, Cloptons, Claytons, Corbins and so throughout the alphabet in swelling numbers and
comprehensive examples of ability and worth.
More than a score of knights and baronets had residence in the colony from time to time, and
the descendants of the Diggeses, Fairfaxes, Peytons, Skipwiths, and others are among us still.”
It is well known to readers of English History that the gentle blood of England to-day is not
found exclusively among titled families, but among the middle families or Landed Gentry, most
of whom trace their descent back to the Conquest. Of the noble families of Great Britian to be
found in the latest edition of Burke's Peerage, few can trace their origin beyond the 15th
century. The history of this Middle Class is the history of England. To this class largely
belonged the Virginia settlers of the 17th century. They came here impelled by the same
motives which lead men now to emigrate to the western states of the Union—to make or redeem
lost fortunes. Every advantage was offered by the Crown to induce emigration to Virginia.
While those who came to New England were compelled to buy every foot of soil they owned,
Virginia settlers were given the head right of 50 acres of land for every soul brought into the
Colony. Englishmen of landed estates and hereditary titles had no need to abandon these for
other lands excepting when persecution made it imperative. Hence it is that not the nobility
nor the landed gentry, but the younger sons and their descendants, men whom the law of entail
cut off from hereditary estates or the means of support, formed a large proportion of the
Virginia colonists of the 17th century.
The law of primogeniture, or the right of the eldest son to inherit all his father's estate if
held by Knight service, introduced into England soon after the Norman Conquest by the influence
of Norman lawyers, has determined the descent of land in England for the past 800 years. It
has thus exercised a permanent influence on the social life and the land question of England.
True, its direct effect has always been to enrich the eldest son and “to beggar the rest of the
family.” Yet it has this advantage, in that while it creates a privileged class of landed
gentry, it disperses the younger sons to seek their homes and fortunes elsewhere, without in
any way affecting their lineal traits and mental and social investments. This poverty and
dispersion has driven the younger sons into other lines of life—the military, clerical, legal
and medical professions, and the mercantile and mechanical arts."
There is a lot more on the history of how the sons of nobility broke away from the law of
primogeniture, but I didn't transcribe it here, for more information you can find this book
“Virginia Genealogies A Genealogy of the Glassell Family of Scotland and Virginia". Free
Google E Book, I left off on Page xiv. On page xv, Heyden gives examples of second born sons,
who learned crafts, started a business, married into noble families and were ancestor's to
(1)Tucker's Blackstone, Vol. IV, 18. (2)Tucker, Vol. IV, 236. (3)Blackstone, Phila. Ed.,
1841, Vol. I, side note 18, p. 137. (4)Beverley, pp. 5-8. (5)Hening II, 520.