Many Swaledale families left after the lead mines closed down. Their descendants now live all over the world. When hiking up Gunnerside Gill, or to the remains of the Old Gang lead mine, one can only imagine what it must have been like in the late 1700s.
My Border Reiver forfathers have been difficult to research,there were so many Beatties and Olivers living in the Corbridge area around 1830.
Thanks to Mike Nichols for Plewes and Corner family trees.
I would like to acknowledge the contribution of Dennis Ernest Hunt, 1924-2005, who copied Hunt BMD from the church registers, in the 1970's and 1980's. Also Brenda Hunt who mailed me Dennis's records.So many others have contributed , Susan from Hamilton, Ontario, John from Co Durham, Stephanie and Francis from Yorkshire. I also would like to thank Ann Wilson for the use of her American Hunt photographs, and Christine Amsden for help in sorting out my Hunt ancestors, and for the access to her Yorkshire Dales website.Thanks to Peta Beck for her Gascoine Hunt Tree.
Also thanks to Olive Lilian Hunt, nee Corner for writing her story.Only Mother's memories,but her seemingly outrageous stories have been reported in the contemporary Yorkshire press!Thanks to Evelyn Hunt for piecing the unconnected tit bits of information into some kind of order
Thanks to Bob and Norma in Kimberley for helping with the Ontario Plewes family and old mills.
Thanks to David Howard for his contribution to the Lancashire and Swaledale Hunts.
Thanks to Marion Moverly for her Yorkshire Plewes tree from Parish Registers of Hauxwell and Marske. Check out my somewhat tenuous connection via Mary Plewes of Hauxwell to Frances I'Anson,"The Lass of Richmond Hill" I used the book by Leslie P Wenham to add to my data base.
I have so far found no connection between the Jaques family of Easby Hall, and Elizabeth Jaques of Brompton on Swale, although it seems both families are in the Finghall area in the 1600s. Likewise I can find no connection between my Isabella Ryder and Pat's Ryders of Coverham with Horsehouse!
James Hird, b 1828 Owned and operated 3 mills on the River Swale, The Castle Mill, 1851, The Abbey Mill, Easby,1871, and finally The Corn Mill, Arkengarthdale from 1881 until his death. My latest line of interest is the Plewes family and their occupation of building water powered mills in the Canadian Province of Ontario.
It looks like the first Plewes immigrant to Ontario was Thomas Plewes, b Bagby,Yorkshire,1786. His son John was b Brampton, Peel County Jan 1st 1835.
ONTARIO MILLS WITH PLEWES CONNECTIONS.
1.0 Acton Mills Black Creek,John Plewes,John died after falling into his millrace at his mill in Acton,.John is buried in the Acton Pioneer Cemetery.A modern flour mill exists at the same place today.The mill pond is now Fairy Lake park.
In 1834 john operated a mill at Catwick Mills,Beverley,Yorkshire.
2.0 Everton Mills, Eramosa River,Hortop Mill, Currently owned by Grand River Conservation Authority.The first grist mill was built by Rufus Evert about 1846, but was not operational until it was fitted out in 1851 by Simon and William Plewes for profits.
Directory of the Province of Ontario,with Gazeteer, 1857,
Plewis, William and Bros, Everton,Wheat Merchants and Miller’s. The ruins of the old sawmill are on the north side of the Eramosa river. The flour mill on the south side was purchased by Henry Hortop in 1873 and was operating until the 1960's. Sadly the Hortop Mill burned down on Jan 19, 2017. The weather was cold and wet. No electricity was connected to the mill. This was probably arson.
3.0 Plewes Mills,now Terra Cotta, Credit River, Simon Plewes, parts of Mill Race are viewable from King Street.The impressive Plewes house is a current residence and is located north of King Street.Simon drowned in the Credit river May 1876, and is interred in Acton Pioneer Cemetery.Simon founded the Trerra Cotta brick works,and owned the grist and saw mills. Terra Cotta was formerly known as Salmonville and Plewes Mills.After the death of Simon, his mill was purchased by his younger brother,David Plewes.( Nov19,1885, Acton Free Press) In 1906, an electric power house was built on the site of the Plewes grist mill.Power supplied the Tera Cotta Pressed Brick operation.Source W D Mcllveen ,2014 Credit Valley Forum.
4.0 Kimberley Mill, tributary of the Beaver River,William Plewes,now a private residence. William is buried in Vandaleur pioneer cemetery located between Kimberley and Markdale. The mill pond now forms part of a park.
5.0 Glandore Mills, The Noisey River,Lot 32,2nd con of Melancthon Township, 19th C.William Plewes prop, John Plewes Miller, William Reid,Millwright. The ruins of the mills are upstream of County Road 124, Maple Valley, Ontario. The mill pond still exists, but none of the buildings. 1872-1873 Simcoe Gazetta has William Plewes,Miller,William Reid prop of grist and saw mills. James Stewart also had a planing and turning mill on lot 31, con 2.
6.0 Lavender Falls Noisy River Mill,Lot 1, Con 12,Notawasaga, Simcoe County, Ontario.Former 1864 Grist Mill converted to a Private Residence
Sold to John Plewes of Euphrersia, Oct 24,1924.Stayed in the hands of the Plewes family until June 1940.
7.0 Meadowlily Mill , Thames Conservation, London, Ontario,William Plewes The ruins can be found in Medowlilly Park,London,Ontario
Ref Archealogical and Built Heritage Background Assessment,Meadowlily Plan,London,Ontario.2010.
8.0 Kerby and Holmedale Flour Mills, Grand River, Brantford, David Plewes The mills no longer exist but the mansion is now Riverview Terrace at 104 Brant Avenue.
9.0 Barkway Saw Mill, Bracebridge,Ontario.Under investigation.James Plewes
10.0 Shelbourne Roller Mills,James Stabler Plewes. A photo of the Mill is in the Dufferin County Museum aand Archives.The mill burnt down around 1935.Under investigation.There is currently a car dealership on the former mill site.
11.0 Township of Nassagaweya,SE present day Campbellville, Isaac Warcup Plewes proprietor,1858, Grist and Flour Mills.Isaac was the son of James. The mill was at Concession 5,Lot 4, built in 1852, and burned down in 1857 or 1858.Possibly Thomas Barker was Isaac's partner. source,History of Nasagiweya, by J. Norrish 1889)NE of lot 4 is the junction of 16 mile creek and the Credit Valley railway line.
12.0 Dunedin Grist Mill,near Creemore,also on the Noisy River.James Plewes died after falling into 40 degree F water.Judah Baveman built a sawmill where Huronontario St crosses the Noisy River.Source Backroads of Ontario by Ron Brown.
13.0 Markdale Mills,(Victor Roller Flour Mill) on a tributary of the Rocky Saugeen River, Angus Plewes.The mill no longer exists but the mill pond is still there.Angus also owned the Glen Huron Grist Mill downstream from the Hamilton Mill.Angus was also postmaster of Markdale and owned a hardware store on Mill Street.
14.0 Lowville Mill, built in 1836 for James Cleaver,father in law and partner of David Plewes.This mill is now a private residence and a City of Burlington Heritage House. Remains of the dam on 12 Mile Creek (Bronte), still exist.
The ruins of the James Cleaver house are located on the Bruce Trail, upstream from the mill.
15.0 Milton Mill,(Martin Mill)
Sixteen Mile Creek
Isaac Warcup and David Plewes, partners.The mill no longrer exists but the mill pond forms part of a Milton parkette.(Ref Prov Ontario Gazetta and Directory,Henry McEvoy 1869)
16.0 Oakville Mill, Isaac Warcup and David Plewes , partners.The mill no longer exists but a 19 th century painting by Frederick Arthur Verner shows it's location on 16 Mile Creek downstream from the rail overpass. Footings can be found at the side of 16 mile creek.Purchased from the Chisholme brothers in 1870.
17.0 William Airth Mill at Horning Mills, John A Plewes leased it in 1867.The penstock can still be seen on the far side of the Pine River, about 150 meters downstream from the mill pond dam.
18.0 Boyne Mill at Stanton, Mulmur Township,purchased by John A Plewes( 1847-1930)in 1893,sold in 1903 to Thomas Sterling.Private Residence.
19.0 Mill at Black Bank Creek,Mulmur Township, Lot 25,Con 1,Mary Plewes and James purchased the the mill site from the McClintons on 2nd of Oct 1876. The flour mill was built and run by James Plewes,Tom Turell,George Smeal and T Wallace ,until the 1880's, when it burned down.
20.0 Grist Mill at Weir and Scott Streets, Stayner, Simon Plewes and James Spence.
Owned by the Georgian Bay Milling and Power Company in 1920. Producing 150 barrels of flour per day.
James Plewes was also living here in 1873.
21.0 Creemore Roller Mills and Electric Light Works,Owned by Simon Plewes.(1856 -1912) , and his brother in law James Alexander Spence (1848-1925)
22.0 Possible Mills at Windsor, City Council approved the sale to Isaac W Plewes and William Shaw,millers of Toronto,a section of the frontage in the factory district, at a price of $1000 per acre,for the erection of a 100 barrel flour mill. Aug 15,1918,The Orangeville Banner. Under investigation.
23.Mill on Twelve Mile Creek, at Thorold,Welland, in the 1851 Census ,Alfred Plewes and James Plewes of Thorold are listed as a millers at the Isaac Overholt Saw Mill at St Johns Village,Under investigation.
24.25.26. Reference to 3 Plewes Mills at Wyebridge near Midland. Under investigation.Province of Ontario Gazetta and Directory,Henry McEvoy 1869. James Plewes,Mill Owner,Lumber Merchant.JP and Postmaster. Son James Stabler Plewes Miller. James Plewes was a partner of Zacharia Casselman in the lumbering buseness based in Wybridge,in the 1870's.(Simcoe County Archives)
27.00 The Speeton/Peppercorn Mills, one and a half miles from Flesherton. John A plewes paid $2000.00 in 1886 to the estate of William Flesherton (Flesherton Advance, July 1,1886)
28.00 Eden Mill,Bayham Township,Elgin County,Isaac Warcup Plewes,James Plewes and William before he moved to the Meadowlily Mill in London.Isaac and James are listed in the 1877 Elgin County Atlas. The mill was located on Lot 19, Concession 10.
29.00 Mill at Glen Huron,
Angus Plewes, See 1887 Glen Huron Business Directory.Canada Life Assurance Co.
30.0 ,McMillan Grist and Flour Mills at Erin ,
West Branch of the Credit River.
leased to Mr Plewes, April 15,1908.Orangeville Banner. Simon Plewes was listed on the 1910 Erin Trade directory. Thanks to Wellington County Museum. On the morning of Oct 31,2013 the Mundell, historic Planing mill burned to the ground. Probably arson.
31. 00 Kirkville,Collingwood Flour Mill, John A Plewes, and his son Robert Leslie Plewes 1889. The mill pond and mill race still exist on Silver Creek
32.00 Lyndoch,Grist Mill,Delhi,Isaaac Warcup Plewes, His son David Richard Plewes was born here Sept 1867.The mill was located at Concession 12, lot 3. The owner in 1877 was Abner Wilson.Isaac Warcup Plewes purchased land at Concession 12, lot 2 in 1882.Source, Eva Brook Donly Museum.
33.00 Mooretown Grist Mill ,Lambton County,Ontario. George Alfred Plewes listed on the 1898 Voters List.George was also married in Sarnia on 12 Jan 1898.living at Courtright, In the 1901 Watford Village,Census.George is also listed as a Miller.
35.00 Tollendal Mill, Innisfil,Simcoe County,Ontario.Archibald Ross Plewes was born here in 1858, Spirit of Ages birth announcement.
36.00 Dundas Mills, James Plewes was living in Dundas in 1850, before moving to Thorold in 1851.His son John Plewes was born in Dundas ,23 March 1850.Speculative,under investigation.
37.0 Colborne,Northumberland County, Jan 1897. Plewes and Spence of Creemore,Ontario have secured the contract for lighting the streets of Colborne, and will put in an electric light plant. Source: Electrical News and Engineering, Jan 1897.
38 Flambor West Mill, Wentworth County, Isaac Warcup Plewes's. son James William Plewes, born 24 Feb,1855 at Flamborough West.Possibly a mill at Dundas.
39. Murray A & Co, staple and Murton & Reid (J W Mur- Muskoka LakesSteamship ) PDFwww.collectionscanada.gc.ca › obj
Plewes at Snider, David. Plewes, Geo Snider, millers, corner of Market and Park,Hamilton. So David Plewes and George Snider of St Jacobs jointly owned a wharehouse in Hamilton, and had interests in Muskoka Lakes Steamship Co.
40 Bracebridge Bay Flour Mill. John Plewes is listed in the 1886 Muskoka District Directory as a Flour and Feed Merchant. He resided there from 1879 1887.Under investigation.John may have been connected to the Thomas Myers Flour Mill.
41 Coboconk Flour Mill
Simon Plewes is listed on the 1920 Government of Canada Flour Mill List.
1910 James MacDonald oil painting, at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
42 Smithfield Village, Brighton Township, Northumberland County, Simon Plewes, 45, Owner, saw mill. 1921 Census Under investigation.
43 Baxter and Galloway Mill, Brant St and the Lake, Burlington
Purchased by William J P Bunton, Grain Dealer in 1861, from Jonathan Galloway.
“ Plewis to be his teamster for $150 per year. “
David Plewes is living in Burlington in 1860.
44 Listowel Mill, on the Maitland River, In 1882, Samual Vogan,husband of Fanny Elizabeth Plewes ran a huge mill. See obit
45 Streetsville Mill
George Plewes is living in Streetsville in 1846. Listed as a miller on his marriage certificate.
There are four mills shown in Streetsville on the 1877 Peel Atlas.
46 The Vogan Mill, Walkerton, Bruce County.
Samuel Vogan and Sons, 1906
Samuel was the husband of Fanny Elizabeth Plewes.
Samuel also owned a hardware store in Walkerton.
47 Strathroy Mill, Middlesex Country,Ontario
Daniel McDermid is listed as a Miller on the 1901 Strathroy Census.
Daniel was the husband of Clara Amelia Plewes.
Sadly, Clara died in childbirth at Strathroy, 1902.
48 Collingwood Milling Company,Flour Mill
Daniel McDermid was injured in the mill in 1936
Partner in the Collingwood Milling Company since 1903.
He later died at Collingwood General and Marine Hospital
Former mill site now Kelseys Road House Restaurant.
Daniel and his new family lived on Beech Street
49 Dundalk Flour Mill
Orangeville Banner, 21 April,1887,
James Plewes Obituary gives former residence as Dundalk
50 Brockville Flour Mill
John Plewes is listed on the 1921 Brockville Census, as traveller, flour mill.
The only mill still producing flour in 1921 was 6 miles north of Brockville at Lyn
It was huge, 300 barrels of flour per day.
My connection to the patriarch of the Newfoundland Pratts,John Pratt, b Barnard Castle,1839, is through Jane Pratt and Ruth Pratt, both of whom married into my Hunt line.