Announcing: the 1921 Census
In the most anticipated family history development since the online publication of the 1939 Register, Findmypast has been selected as The National Archives’ commercial partner to make the 1921 Census of England & Wales available online.
The census, which was the first to be conducted following the introduction of the Census Act of 1920, will be published online by Findmypast in January 2022.
The 1921 Census taken on 19th June 1921, the census consists of more than 28,000 bound volumes of original household returns containing detailed information on close to 38 million individuals.
It provides greater detail than any previous census as, in addition to the questions asked in 1911, the 1921 returns also asked householders to reveal their place of employment, the industry they worked in and the materials they worked with as well as their employer’s name.
The 1921 Census also included detailed questions on education, and was the first in which individual householders could submit separate confidential returns.
Those aged 15 and older were required to provide information about their marital status, including if divorced, while for those under 15 the census recorded whether both parents were alive or if either or both had died.
The next census to be released will be the 1951 census, due for release in January 2052. The 1931 census was taken in April 1931 but was completely destroyed in a fire in 1942 at the Office of Works. There was no England and Wales census in 1941 due to the Second World War.
The evacuation of civilians from the Channel Islands in 1940 was an organised, partial, nautical evacuation of Crown dependencies in the Channel Islands, primarily from Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney to England during World War II. The evacuation occurred in phases, starting with school aged children, their teachers, and mother volunteers. The islands and the British military began the evacuation following the Allies loss in the Battle of France, after which the British Army withdrew from the islands.
What is less well known is that in June 1940, just days before the Nazis occupied their island, 17,000 Guernsey residents were evacuated to the South Coast of England. This British evacuation included 5,000 school children who were evacuated with their teachers at very short notice.
If there are any mistakes and or errors, these are mine alone. If you have any information or additions, then please do not hesitate to contact me. Thanks for your interest in our family history and I hope you enjoy your visit.
Le Noury translated in Guernesiaise (however loosely, means ‘the nourished ones’) which probably relates to the fact that the early tribal name was formed on the fact that they ate well and were a farming group of peoples.
Le Noury is the name of a noble family which lived in Normandy during the 16th century, but there are almost no archives or "parish registeries" for this period.
The French word NOURRIER translated into English means "to feed"
A lot of the research was done by others, and I would like to give them my thanks in allowing me to " borrow" their work. In particular I would like to mention Terry Dowinton for "Dowintons of Guernsey" and "Guernsey Strays" info and my daughter Claire Le Noury for taking the time to search through Baptism records at the Priaulx Library. Also special thanks to Maria Van de Tang for giving me corrected dates and Burial dates from my direct line. I would also like to thank Christian Corbet, PPCPA, CGAM, BAMS, FIDEM, FA, FRSA. www.christiancorbet.com for his information regarding links to the Corbet family that he has received from the Priaulx Library.
I believe the family almost certainly originated in upper Brittany possibly the Côtes-D'Armor or more likely the Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne area of France as the nucleus of the family Nourry would appear to congregated in this area.
I have found only a few people from various sources with various surname spelling living in Guernsey during the 1600's.
Amos (Anius) Le Nourry who married Jeanne Brache on 16 Nov 1622 at St Saviours (confirmed) (maruzle xui dencurber) i dont think the previous sentence is correctly transcribed but the writing is not very clear. I cannot confirm if Amos Le Nourry is the earliest Le Noury in Guernsey as the records don't go back far enough, there could be some others but the transcribed records do not go back far enough, we cannot confirm this.
I have no present details of the second Generation, no recorded baptisms have been found within 10 years after the marriage date.
We have found mention of the name Nicolas Le Nourri (possibly born about 1623) but apart from this in St Saviours there are no baptisms for Le Nourry/ Le Noury, Le Nourri/Nourri between 1620-1675 in fact this name does not appear until much later in this parish for bapts.
I have also looked at the Castel this parishes registers don't start until 1674 and there is only one in 1675 which is a child of Nicolas Le Noury and Rachel Pipet but the name is unreadable the godparent is Nicollas Ozanne and the child was baptised 25/4/1675
Nicholas Le Noury married Rachel Pipet ca:1674
Nicolas Le Nouri married Rachel Le Tellier 8 Oct 1680 Castel Pierre Le Nourri married Judith Jehan 24 Oct 1680 Castel
Elizabeth Le Noury married Pierre Lestoumel, 25 0ct 1683, Castel Pierre Le Nourri married Judith Roberge (marraige date unknown)
Margueritte Le Noury b.1672 Castel, parents Pierre Le Noury, unknown Jean Le Noury christianed 27 Mar 1681 Castel, parents Nicollas Le Noury, Rachel Pipet Janne Le Noury christianed 3 Jan 1686 Castel, parents Nicollas Le Noury, Rachel Le Tellier Nicolas Le Nourri christained 27mar 1692 Castel, parents Nicolas Le Nourri, Elizabeth Le Tullier
These have yet to be confirmed by my researcher in Parish records! But it seems that the records are not there to be found to complete this research.
Census Frequency of the name Le Noury inc derivatives in Guernsey 1841 86
Pierre Le Nourri, (birth estimated abt 1670) who married Judith Roberge (marraige date unknown) would appear to be one of the first Le Noury's to start the bloodline in the Vale Parish.
I believed when I started this project that there were two blood lines of Le Noury families in Guernsey one from the Vale and one from Cobo and that possibly there was a third blood line as many Le Noury's in the 1900's lived in St Saviours. It would appear to me that the whole family originated in St Saviours.
During the 1800's the majority of the men from the bloodline in the Vale were Quarrymen who were probably involved with the reclamation/infilling of the Braye which now forms the area of land from The Bridge St Sampsons to Grande Harve bay, ca 1899 there were 268 Quarries on the Island, half of which were in the Vale Parish and forty-two were in St Sampsons.
Guernsey’s horticultural industry goes back over 200 years when the first greenhouses (glass houses) were erected and, what were then delicacies, were supplied to the wealthier families for their dinner table, or tender plants were ‘brought on’ for the garden. The first commercial crops were flowers and grapes, which were exported to the UK from the 1830’s due to the improvement of transport routes. Grapes were at this time the most important crop and still today greenhouses are referred to locally as ‘vineries’.
Local boat builders and carpenters skills were put to good use with the construction of glazed wooden ‘lean-tos’ which were traditionally erected against gable walls of farmhouses and cottages. As demand strengthened growers built full span greenhouses, and later on, cast iron heating pipes were added to the glasshouses, extending the season for local growers.
Grape vines were usually planted outside, growing through holes into the greenhouse. This enabled the plant to take up moisture from outside and meant less watering for the grower. It also freed up space to have a secondary crop, with tomatoes being a popular choice, and eventually taking over from the grape crop. The Islands economy came to rely on thousands of pounds worth of income from the tomato for another one hundred years. More recently flowers have been the main crop, although the industry is not as buoyant as it once was, and horticulture no longer plays such a major roll in the island’s economy. Later during the 1900's some of the men became fruit and primarily tomato growers and nowadays to all manner of occupations, while the early genarations of the bloodline in the St Saviours/Castel areas were Farmers and a few were Fisherman. While the few who lived in St Peter Port were Carpenters involved in Ship Building. Working-class children were often required to supplement the family’s income. It was more important to bring home a wage, than to get an education. Child labour was vital to Guernsey’s economic success. In 1821 approximately 49 per cent of the workforce was under 20. Many children, some as young as nine, worked long hours for menial wages. Child labour was cheap, and many were employed on farms in ‘agricultural gangs’, or in Quarries where many young children were crushed or killed.
So far I have found a couple of loops where the ancestory of a married couple can both be traced back via 2 seperate routes to another married couple further back in time. This is of course a problem of insular life!
Based on the Vale Baptism Records of 1721-1770 the Le Noury’s held the 16th position of 30 baptismals during that time period. This was out of a population of only 1368 baptisms in all of the Clos Du Valle at the time.
Between 1771-1820 the Le Noury’s still held the 16th position of 38 baptismals in the Vale and by the 1821- 1870 Baptism Records there were no Le Noury’s baptized in the Vale.
Background info for the Island of Guernsey can be found her:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernsey
Some old Guernsey photos can be found on this site, http://www.francisfrith.com/guernsey/photos/
Background info on Quarrying in the Channel Islands can be found here:- http://www.aggregate.com/Documents/Brochures/AboutUs-History-Channel-Islands-quarrying.pdf
Until 1806 the Vale parish occupied territory on the mainland of Guernsey as well as the whole of Le Clos du Valle, a tidal island forming the northern extremity of Guernsey separated from the mainland by La Braye du Valle, a tidal channel. La Braye du Valle was drained and reclaimed in 1806 by the British Government as a defence measure. Vale now consists of two non-contiguous territories. The eastern end of the former channel became the town and harbour (from 1820) of St. Sampson's, now the second biggest port in Guernsey. The roadway called The Bridge across the end of the harbour at St. Sampson's recalls the bridge that formerly linked the two parts of Guernsey at high tide. The western end of La Braye is now Le Grand Havre.
Even today, two hundred years later, the path of the original tidal channel, the Braye, from coast to coast is still fairly easily discernible to the naked eye, although the Vale Pond is all that remains of it. There were two crossing places of the channel at the western end: one just below Vale Church (formerly an AbbeyChurch), known as Pont St Michel (after the saint to whom the church is dedicated), and one not far away called Pont Allaire; and · in addition a crossing at Pont Colliche near the Bailloterie and one on the present Route du Braye near the Tertre. The Vale Castle was built to protect this smaller island. The two crossings Le Pont St Michel and Le Pont Colliche were clappertype bridges, crude structures constructed of large stone slabs. They were very dangerous, both from the seaweed attached to them and the rapidity with which the rising tide flowed in. At extreme high water both bridges were covered completely. The places where the the bridges were situated were strongly believed to be haunted by the ghosts of unfortunate travellers who had been caught by the tide in the act of crossing and drowned. The Pont St Michel was particularly dreaded, At night the "Faéu Boulangier" was to be seen dancing on the sands there or gliding under the bridge. Even at midday when the sun was shining brightly unearthly cries of distress would occasionally be heard near the bridge, although no living thing was anywhere near it. Today the northern part of the island is simply known as Vale. It is relatively flat and the northern coast is covered by sand dunes which conceal some of the oldest habitational remains, burial sites and ritual features in Western Europe. Les Fouaillages at L'Ancresse dates back to nearly 5000 BC. This end of the island has a completely different 'feel' to the rest of the island, peaceful, reflective, cut-off, with echoes of earlier times despite the volume of fast-flowing traffic on some roads and the crowds of Pembroke. It is easy to understand why the medieval monks chose the site of Vale Church to build their abbey.
The Ancient History of the Distinguished Surname Noury
The ancient history of Normandy was derived from the early northern Gallic tribes until its early conquest by the Romans in the first century B.C. The distinguished name Noury is considered to have its origins in this ancient land. This coastal region was used as a departure point for the Roman invasion of England. With the departure of the Romans in the 4th century, the area was continuously ruled by many different dissenting tribes. In the 6th century, a leader emerged who united the area. He was called Wandrille and may be considered the first Count of Normandy. The Duchy was firmly established after the year 911 when Rollo, Earl of Orkney invaded the territory with his Viking army. He laid siege to Paris and forced the French King, Charles the Simple, to concede Normandy. Rollo became the first Duke of Normandy in 911. The name Noury was first found in Normandy where they were anciently seated at Le Norreis in the eleventh century. Members of this noble family accompanied Duke William of Normandy in his invasion of England in 1066. The name in England became Norris.
Throughout the course of history most surnames have undergone change for many reasons. A father and son may have spelt their name differently. Many are simple spelling changes by a person who spoke his name, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Many names held prefixes or suffixes which almost became optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, we have many variations in this name, Le Noury some of which are Nourry, Noury, Nourie, Nowrie, Nourrie, Le Nourri, Le Nouri, Le Nourry, Nowry but all are included in the basic origin of the surname.
With the conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy in 1066, the Dukedom became a part of the domain of the Kings of England. This formed the basis of the Duke's tremendous influence, not only in England but the whole of Northern France as far south as Aquitaine. Robert, son of William, Duke of Normandy revolted against his father in England, but Normandy passed into the royal dynasty of Plantagenet along with England in the 12th century. In the 12th century, Henry II of England married Eleanor of Aquitaine, acquiring her lands. This was the cause of the major conflicts between France and England which followed. In the 13th century, Philippe Auguste of France, failed to take possession of Normandy. Henry III finally conceded his continental claims in 1259.
Normandy preserved its independence until the 17th century, when it became part of France. The family name Noury became influential in Normandy where this aristocratic family became involved in the turmoil of the English occupation of Normandy, and the conflicts which ensued up to the 14th century. Branches of the family moved south to central France at Nivernais and Orléanais. A branch moved into Brittany where they were later elevated to the nobility as Barons in the year 1822. Notable amongst the family in this period was Denis-Nicolas Le Nourry (1647- 1724), French ecclesiastical writer of the Congregation of St-Maur; as well as Baron Nourry of Brittany.
In the early 16th century France became aware of her European leadership, and New World exploration became a challenge. Along the eastern seaboard of North America there was, from north to south, New France, New England, New Holland and New Spain. Jacques Cartier made the first of three voyages to New France in 1534. The Jesuits, Champlain and the Church missionaries followed in 1608. Plans for developing Quebec fell far short of the objectives of the Company of New France, which later became the Habitants' Company. Champlain made over twenty voyages to France in order to encourage immigration to New France, and brought the first permanent immigrant in 1617. But the King, fearful of depopulating France was reluctant to encourage his subjects to migrate.
In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in Quebec, and 500 in 1663. France finally gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants during the next decade. Early marriage was encouraged in New France, and youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants from all levels of French society. In the late 17th and 18th centuries 15,000 explorers left Montreal scattering French names across the continent. The search for the North West passage continued.
Migration from France to New France or Quebec, as it was now more popularly called, continued until it fell in 1759. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In the treaty of Utrecht, the Acadians were ceded by France to Britain in 1713. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported. They found refuge in Louisiana. Meanwhile, in Quebec, the French race flourished, founding in Lower Canada one of the two great solitudes which became Canada. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Noury were Jacques Nourry, who came to Quebec in 1651; Pierre Nourry, who arrived in Quebec in 1710 from Brittany; and Andre Nourry, who arrived in Canada sometime between 1731 and 1743.
The French lost their North American territories to the English at the end of the Seven Years war in 1763, and ceded their Louisiana territories to Spain;after which there was little French emigration until the mid 19th century.
In recent times, those of this distinguished family name Noury who were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs include: Dr. Jean-Yves Noury, Physician, Paris, France; and Erwan Noury, Interior Designer, Paris, France.
During the course of our research we also determined the most ancient Coat of Arms recorded against this family name Noury.
The Coat of Arms for the family name Noury was: A red shield with two silver chevronel between three silver six pointed stars, pierced. The coat of arms found for a bearer of the Noury surname did not include a motto. Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and many families have chosen not to display a motto.
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