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About Brain / Pilkington /Handyside Family Tree
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The two main names (my parents names) in my tree are Brain and Pilkington, these are closely 
followed by Handyside this being the branch I married into and the name my sons will carry on.

Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known 
as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often 
leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Recorded in a number of spellings including Brain, Brane, Brayne, and Brayn, this interesting Anglo-
Scottish surname has two possible origins. The first is locational from a village called Braine in 
Normandy, and as such was an introduction into England by followers of Duke William of Normandy, 
otherwise known as "The Conqueror", after his famous Invasion of 1066. Alternatively, the name well 
recorded in Scotland from the mid 15th century, may be an anglicized form of the Olde Gaelic 
surname Mac an Bhreitheamham. Here the translation is "The son of the judge", from "Mac" meaning 
son of, plus the occupational word "breitheamh", a judge. The surname is well recorded in the 
charters known as the Hundred Rolls of various English counties from the latter half of the 13th 
Century. This suggests that these names must have origination from the Norman village, whilst in 
Scotland Thomas Brayne of Baldowy, a witness in 1462, is the first recorded Scottish namebearer, 
and David Brane appears in the "Book of the Thane of Cowder" in 1477. Other examples include: Roger 
Brain in the 1601 Scottish Commissariot register, whilst Elizabeth Brain and Philip Green were 
married at St. Bennet's church, Paul's Wharf, London, on October 15th 1634. The first recorded 
spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alicia Brayn. This was dated 1273 in the Hundred 
Rolls of the county of Cambridgeshire, during the reign of King Edward Ist of England, 1272 - 1307. 

There are approximately 6,337 people named Brain in the UK. That makes it the 1,665th most common 
surname overall. Out of every million people in the UK, approximately 100 are named Brain.

United Kingdom (current)	6337	
United Kingdom (1881 census)	3212	
Change since 1881	       +3125	

This unusual name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from the place 
called "Pilkington" near Prestwich in Lancashire. The placename is recorded as "Pulkinton" in 1202, 
as "Pilkenton" in the 1204 Pipe Rolls of Lancashire, and as "Pilkington" in the 1246 Assize Rolls 
of the county. The name means "the settlement of Pileca's people", derived form the Old English pre 
7th Century personal name "Pileca", with the suffix "ing" indicating "people, family of", 
and "tun", settlement or village. Locational surnames were usually given to the lord of the manor, 
and to those former inhabitants of the place who moved to another area. The development of the 
surname includes Pilkinton (1285, Cheshire) and Pylkyngton (1470, Yorkshire). "Pilkington" is the 
name of a landowning family traceable in the area around Salford to the 14th Century. The Will of 
Oliver Pilkington of Bolton, Lancashire, was recorded at Chester in 1594. The first recorded 
spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alexander de Pilkington, which was dated 1205, 
Charters of Whalley Abbey, Lancashire, during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 
There are approximately 9,071 people named Pilkington in the UK. That makes it the 1,165th most 
common surname overall. Out of every million people in the UK, approximately 144 are named 

United Kingdom (current)	9071
United Kingdom (1881 census)	5381
Change since 1881	       +3690	

Recorded in the spellings of Handasyde, Handyside, and Handaside, this famous Scottish Border 
surname is locational. It derives from the lands of Handyside, (in the modern spelling) near 
Berwick. The precise translation of the surname is uncertain. The original spelling appears to 
be "Hanggansid", which is probably "the wooded lands on the hillside" or similar. The nameholders 
are not strictly a clan, however the chief holds the title of "all that Ilk", a terminolgy of equal 
status. The original chiefs are first mentioned in charters at the end of the 14th century, John 
Hangandsyde, being a charter witness in relation to lands owned by the abbey of Kelso in 1399, the 
relationship between this abbey and the nameholders, being very close. In 1467 one Patone de 
Hangalsyde was a juror in regard to fishing licenses on the river Tweed, whilst in 1563, the chief, 
Richard Hangansyde of that Ilk, transferred lands in Berwickshire to his son Alexander. In 1567 it 
is recorded that Elizabeth Hangetsyde and Dandie Hanginsyde, who despite the variant spelling, seem 
to have been sisters, were tenants of the lands of Kelso Abbey. Charles Handasyde, who flourished 
in the mid 18th century, was regarded as one of the most successful minaure painters of his period. 
The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard de Hanggandside, 
which was dated 1398, in the barony of Bolden, Berwickshire, during the reign of King Robert 111 of 
Scotland, who reigned from the year 1390 to 1406.

There are approximately 170 people named Handyside in the UK. That makes it the 15,570th most 
common surname overall. Out of every million people in the UK, approximately 3 are named Handyside. 

United Kingdom (current)	170	
United Kingdom (1881 census)	422	
Change since 1881	       -252
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Getting Around
There are several ways to browse the family tree. The Tree View graphically shows the relationship of selected person to their kin. The Family View shows the person you have selected in the center, with his/her photo on the left and notes on the right. Above are the father and mother and below are the children. The Ancestor Chart shows the person you have selected in the left, with the photograph above and children below. On the right are the parents, grandparents and great-grandparents. The Descendant Chart shows the person you have selected in the left, with the photograph and parents below. On the right are the children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Do you know who your second cousins are? Try the Kinship Relationships Tool. Your site can generate various Reports for each name in your family tree. You can select a name from the list on the top-right menu bar.

In addition to the charts and reports you have Photo Albums, the Events list and the Relationships tool. Family photographs are organized in the Photo Index. Each Album's photographs are accompanied by a caption. To enlarge a photograph just click on it. Keep up with the family birthdays and anniversaries in the Events list. Birthdays and Anniversaries of living persons are listed by month. Want to know how you are related to anybody ? Check out the Relationships tool.

Ancestors of ******
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