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About NUSKE - GRAMBEAU
I have had some interest in my family's heritage for years and with the help and research by
many other family members I have been putting together this family tree. This site may become quiet 
large with the inclusion of many of their in-laws as well as far distant relatives.
I do not wish to name individuals as they are numerous but with their generous help, research and
time I have been able to extend my tree even further. 
If anyone wishes to have their contributions noted along with their name I am happy to edit this
page to include their name. If anyone finds they could contribute please feel free to send me a 
message.

To start with I intended to just include both sides of my family which is Grambeau & Nuske, Grambau,
Krause, Noske and a little about my in-laws, however as the interest grew I found it difficult
to find when i should call it quits, so decided to let the information grow (with the help of
many) and see where it leads. So, you will notice that there are people’s names on this site that
not directly related, so I decided that anyone that has reason to believe their family is connected
to mine no matter how distant (It is a way for them to have the beginnings of their own tree albeit
part of mine).

I thank everyone that has contributed to this site and if there are anyone else that may have any
information like new births/deaths etc. please feel free to contact me.

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Changes to German Place Names in South Australia — World War I, compiled by Maureen M Leadbeater.


During World War I anti-German feeling ran high in South Australia. Despite the Lutheran communities
pledging support for the British Crown and those of German descent contributing to the Wounded
Soldiers Fund, "Germans" were victimised. It mattered not if the German-born were naturalised or if
an Australian-born were a third generation born in Australia.

The German newspaper, schools and clubs were closed. Many, particularly community leaders, were
interned, at first on Torrens Island and later in New South Wales. Some internees had sons serving
with the Australian Army and many of these were casualties of the war. Other "Germans" lost their
jobs, leaving their families in financial difficulties. Hermann Robert Homburg, born 1874 in Norwood
to a father who had arrived 20 years earlier, was forced to resign - and he was the Attorney-
General!

By 1917 the anti-German frenzy had spread to German place names. A Nomenclature Committee was set up
to make recommendations for changes from names of "foreign enemy origin" to British or South
Australian native names. Some suggested names were altered by the Government. The Nomenclature Act
was passed in late 1917 and the final list of sixty-nine South Australian place name changes were
gazetted in January 1918. Some names were translations into English, eg Steinfeld to Stonefield,
Bethanien to Bethany. Others were given an aboriginal name, eg Friedrichswalde to Tarnma, Mount
Ferdinand to Mount Warrabillinna. Other names commemorated the battles in France eg Verdun, Polygon
Ridge, Jutland, or the names of Australian military leaders, eg Haig, Allenby, Jellicoe.

Yet the committee overlooked some German names. The capital city, Adelaide, had been named for the
German-born wife of King William IV. Sedan was noted at the time as the name of a German victory in
the 1870 War. However a newspaper correspondent explained that it commemorated the French defeat
rather than the German victory!

Hahndorf, which had been changed to Ambleside, reverted to its original name in 1935. So it is
possible that someone, according to the official records, was born and died in Hahndorf and married
in Ambleside without changing his residence! Other place names were changed back in 1975 and 1986.
Some of these places have been "swallowed" by nearby suburbs.

It is pleasing to note that in 1971 the Hundred of Bockelberg was proclaimed on Eyre Peninsula.
George Baron Bockelberg, MP, was the Australian-born son of a German colonist, Fedor Baron
Bockelberg. Another son, Felix Baron Bockelberg, was killed in action 3-5-1918 at Es Salt,
Palestine. The naming is a step towards recognising and honouring the German settlers who
contributed so much to South Australia and the nation.

There were also German place names changed in other states. The following is a list of the South
Australian changes during WWI with the location and later changes noted. A date only in the later
changes indicates when the placename reverted to its former German name.


Former name:            New name:	        Location:	              Later changes:

Bartsch's Creek.         Yedlakoo Creek.            South of Lake Eyre.	      Bartsch Creek 1986
Basedow.                 Hundred of French          North-east of Hawker.	
Bauer.                   Cape Wondoma.              Cape near Streaky Bay 1948.
Berlin Rock.	         Panpandie Rock.	        Off Louth Bay, Eyre Peninsula.	
Bethanien.	         Bethany.	                South-east of Tanunda.	
Bismarck.	         Weeroopa.	                Now part of Brooklyn Park.	
Blumberg.	         Birdwood.	                Adelaide Hills.	
Blumenthal.	         Lakkari.	                 Hundred of Mudla Wirra.	
Buchfelde.	         Loos.	                Near Gawler River, Adelaide Plains.	
Carlsruhe.	        Kunden.	                Near Waterloo, north of Kapunda.	
Ehrenbreitstein.	Mount Yerila.	        West of Lake Callabonna.	
Ferdinand Creek.	Ernabella Creek.	Musgrave Ranges.
Friedrichstadt.	        Tangari.	        Hundred of Kuitpo.	
Friedrichswalde.	Tarnma.	                North of Kapunda	
Gebhardt's Hills.        Polygon Ridge.         North of Cadell	Gebhardt Hills.  1986.
German Creek.	        Benara Creek.	        West of Mount Gambier.           1986.
German Pass.	        Tappa Pass.	        East of Angaston.	
Germantown Hill.	Vimy Ridge.	        South-west of Bridgewater, Adelaide Hills.	
Gottlieb's Well.	Parnggi Well.	        South of Terowie.	
Grunberg.	        Karalta.                North-east of Angaston.	          Gruenberg 1975.
Grunthal.	        Verdun.	                Near Hahndorf.	
Hahndorf.	        Ambleside.	        Adelaide Hills.	                   1935.
Hasse's Mound.	        Larelar Mound.	        North-east of Leigh Creek.	
Heidelberg.	        Kobandilla.	        Now part of Klemzig.	
Hergott Springs.	Marree.	                Far-North.	
Hildesheim.	        Punthari.	        North of Mannum.
Hoffnungsthal.	        Karrawirra.	        Near Lyndoch.	                    1975.
Homburg. Hundred of     Haig. Hundred of	North-west of Cummins.	
Jaenschtown.	        Kerkanya.	        Now part of Murray Bridge.	
Kaiserstuhl.	        Mount Kitchener.	South-east of Tanunda.	
Klaebes	Kilto	                        east of Burra	
Klemzig	Gaza	     on River Torrens   north-east of Adelaide	         1935
Krause Rock	     Marti Rock	        south-west of Point Drummond near Coffin Bay	
Krichauff	     Beatty	        between Eudunda and Morgan	 Mount Mary 1940
Krichauff,           Hundred of	Beatty, Hundred of	between Eudunda and Morgan	
Kronsdorf	     Kabminye	        south of Tanunda	         Krondorf 1975
Langdorf	     Kaldukee	        near Tanunda	
Langmeil	     Bilyara	        suburb of Tanunda	         1975
Lobethal	     Tweedvale	        Adelaide Hills	                 1935
Meyer, Mount	     Mount Kauto	east of Lake Eyre	
Mount Ferdinand	     Mount Warrabillinna	Musgrave Ranges	
Muller's Hill	     Yandina Hill	near Copley	
Neudorf	             Mamburdi	        north-west of Lobethal	         1986
Neukirch	     Dimchurch	        north-east of Nuriootpa	         1975
New Hamburg	     Willyaroo	        south of Strathalbyn	
New Mecklenburg	     Gomersal	        south-west of Tanunda	
Oliventhal	     Olivedale	        now part of Birdwood	
Paech, Hundred of    Cannawigra, Hundred of	east of Keith	
Petersburg	     Peterborough		
Pflaum, Hundred of   Geegeela, Hundred of	north-east of Naracoorte	
Rhine (North), Hundred of   Jellicoe, Hundred of	near Keyneton	
Rhine (South), Hundred of   Jutland, Hundred of	near Springton	
Rhine Hill	     Mons	        west of Sedan	
Rhine Park	     Kongolia	        east of Cambrai	
Rhine River North    The Somme	Keyneton, into River Marne	Somme Creek 1971
Rhine River South    The Marne	Eden Valley-Cambrai, into River Murray	Marne River 1971
Rhine Villa	     Cambrai	        south of Sedan	
Rosenthal	     Rosedale	        north-east of Gawler	
Scherk, Hundred of   Sturdee, Hundred of County Hopetoun, West Coast	
Schoenthal	     Boongala	        east of Lobethal	         1986
Schomburgk, Hundred of	Maude, Hundred of	between Burra and Morgan	
Schreiberhau	     Warre	        near Tanunda	                 Schreiberau 1975
Seppelts	     Dorrien	        south of Nuriootpa	
Siegersdorf	     Bultawilta	        north of Tanunda	         1975
Steinfeld	     Stonefield	        north-east of Truro	         1986
Summerfeldt	     Summerfield	south-west of Mannum	
Vogelsang's Corner   Teerkoore	        near Robertstown	          Vogelsang Corner 1986
von Doussa, Hundred of  Allenby, Hundred of	south-west of Lameroo	
Wusser's Nob	     Karun Nob	        near Leigh Creek	          Wusser Nob 1983
Sources

SA Government Gazette, 10 January 1918
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Getting Around
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