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About NUSKE - GRAMBEAU
I have had some interest in my family's heritage for years and with the help and research by many other relatives I have been able to put together this family tree. This site may become quiet  large with the inclusion of many of their in-laws as well as far distant relatives. I do not wish to name individuals as they are numerous but with their generous help, research and time I have been able to extend my tree even further. 
 If anyone wishes to have their contributions noted along with their name I am happy to edit this page to include their name. If anyone finds they could contribute please feel free to send me a  message.

To start with I intended to just include both sides of my family which is Grambeau & Nuske, Grambau, Krause, Noske and a little about my in-laws, however as the interest grew I found it difficult to find when I should call it quits, so decided to let the information grow (with the help of many) and see where it leads. So, you will notice that there are people’s names on this site that not directly related, so I decided that anyone that has reason to believe their family is connected to mine no matter how distant (It is a way for them to have the beginnings of their own tree albeit part of mine).

I thank everyone that has contributed to this site and if there is anyone else that may have any information like new births/deaths etc. please feel free to contact me.

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Changes to German Place Names in South Australia.

During World War I anti-German feeling ran high in South Australia. Despite the Lutheran communities pledging support for the British Crown and those of German descent contributing to the Wounded Soldiers Fund, "Germans" were victimised. It mattered not if the German-born were naturalised or if an Australian-born were a third generation born in Australia.

The German newspaper, schools and clubs were closed. Many, particularly community leaders, were interned, at first on Torrens Island and later in New South Wales. Some internees had sons serving with the Australian Army and many of these were casualties of the war. Other "Germans" lost their jobs, leaving their families in financial difficulties. Hermann Robert Homburg, born 1874 in Norwood to a father who had arrived 20 years earlier, was forced to resign - and he was the Attorney- General!

By 1917 the anti-German frenzy had spread to German place names. A Nomenclature Committee was set up to make recommendations for changes from names of "foreign enemy origin" to British or South Australian native names. Some suggested names were altered by the Government. The Nomenclature Act was passed in late 1917 and the final list of sixty-nine South Australian place name changes were gazetted in January 1918. Some names were translations into English, eg Steinfeld to Stonefield, Bethanien to Bethany. Others were given an aboriginal name, eg Friedrichswalde to Tarnma, Mount Ferdinand to Mount Warrabillinna. Other names commemorated the battles in France eg Verdun, Polygon Ridge, Jutland, or the names of Australian military leaders, eg Haig, Allenby, Jellicoe.

Yet the committee overlooked some German names. The capital city, Adelaide, had been named for the German-born wife of King William IV. Sedan was noted at the time as the name of a German victory in the 1870 War. However a newspaper correspondent explained that it commemorated the French defeat rather than the German victory!

Hahndorf, which had been changed to Ambleside, reverted to its original name in 1935. So it is possible that someone, according to the official records, was born and died in Hahndorf and married in Ambleside without changing his residence! Other place names were changed back in 1975 and 1986. Some of these places have been "swallowed" by nearby suburbs.

It is pleasing to note that in 1971 the Hundred of Bockelberg was proclaimed on Eyre Peninsula. George Baron Bockelberg, MP, was the Australian-born son of a German colonist, Fedor Baron Bockelberg. Another son, Felix Baron Bockelberg, was killed in action 3-5-1918 at Es Salt, Palestine. The naming is a step towards recognising and honouring the German settlers who contributed so much to South Australia and the nation.

There were also German place names changed in other states. The following is a list of the South Australian changes during WWI with the location and later changes noted. A date only in the later changes indicates when the placename reverted to its former German name.

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State.  Old name.	 New name.             Date of name change.                Notes.

SA	Bartsch's Creek.   Yedlakoo Creek.	     10 January 1918.	     Reverted to Bartsch Creek 1986
QLD	Bergen.               Murra Murra.	     October 1916.	     Bergen is a locality in the Toowoomba Region. Murra Murra is a property within the locality (not to be confused with another property of the same name in the locality of Nebine).
QLD	Bergenside.	         Neuve.  	              August 1916.	      Neuve is a village within the locality of Bergen. It surrounds the former railway station.
SA	Berlin Rock.          Panpandie Rock.        10 January 1918.	
SA	Bethanien.	         Bethany.  	               10 January 1918.	
SA	Bismarck.	         Weeroopa.	               10 January 1918.	
QLD	Bismarck.	         Maclagan.	                March 1916.	
TAS	Bismarck.	         Collinsvale. 	        1 July 1915.	
TAS	Bismarck Avenue, Surrey Hills.  Warwick Avenue.   December 1918.	
VIC	Bismarck Avenue, Surrey Hills.  Warwick Avenue.   December 1918.	
NSW  Bismarck Street (Canterbury).  Cressy Street.  	    December 1914.	
NSW	Bismarck Street (Kogarah).      Kitchener Street.10 November 1914.	
TAS	Bismarck Street, Doncaster.     Victoria Street	   circa 1914.	
VIC	Bismarck Street, Doncaster.	  Victoria Street	   circa 1914.
SA	Blumberg	       Birdwood	                           10 January 1918.	
SA	Blumenthal	       Lakkari	                           10 January 1918.	
SA	Buchfelde          Loos	                                   10 January 1918.	Reverted to Buchfelde
SA	Cape Bauer	       Cape Wondoma	                  10 January 1918. Reverted to Cape Bauer in 1948
SA	Carlsruhe	       Kunden	                           10 January 1918.	
NSW Deutschland Street (Canterbury)	Onslow Street	December 1914.	
SA	Ehrenbreistein	Mount Yerila	10 January 1918.	
QLD	Engelsburg	Kalbar	July 1916.
QLD	Fahley	Kilbirnie		 
SA	Ferdinand Creek.    Ernabella Creek	10 January 1918.	
SA	Friedrichstadt	Tangari	10 January 1918.	
SA	Friedrichswalde	Tarnma	10 January 1918.	
QLD	Friezland	Kuridala		 
SA	Gebhardt's Hills	Polygon Ridge	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Gebhardt Hills in 1986
QLD	Gehrkevale	Mount Mort		The Post Office was renamed Mount Grace in about September 1916, then Mount Mort in about November 1916[10]
SA	German Creek	Benara Creek	10 January 1918.	Reverted in 1986
NSW	German Creek	Empire Vale	1 May 1915.	
QLD	German Gardens	Belgian Gardens	January 1915.	
SA	German Pass	Tappa Pass	10 January 1918.	
NSW	German's Hill	Lidster	1 February 1916.	
NSW	Germanton	Holbrook	20 September 1915.	
TAS	Germantown	Lilydale		 
TAS	Germantown	Grovedale	1 March 1916.	
VIC	Germantown	Grovedale	1 March 1916[31]	
SA	Germantown Hill	Vimy Ridge	10 January 1918.	Became part of Bridgewater; road name (only) reverted to Germantown Hill Road
SA	Gottlieb's Well	Parnggi Well	10 January 1918.	
QLD	Gramzow	Carbrook		
SA	Grunberg	Karalta	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Gruenberg in 1975
SA	Grunthal	Verdun	10 January 1918.	
TAS	Grünwald	Arkona		
VIC	Grünwald	Arkona		
SA	Hahndorf	Ambleside	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Hahndorf in 1935[15]
NSW	Hamburger Street (Punchbowl)	Victoria Road	December 1914.	
QLD	Hapsburg	Kowbi	October 1916.	See Isis railway line
SA	Hasse's Mound	Larelar Mound	10 January 1918.	
SA	Heidelberg	Kobandilla	10 January 1918.	
WA	Heidelberg	Bickley		 
SA	Hergott Springs	Marree	10 January 1918.	
QLD	Hessenburg	Ingoldsby	September 1916.	
SA	Hildesheim	Punthari	10 January 1918.	
TAS	Hochkirch	Tarrington	1 March 1918.	
VIC	Hochkirch	Tarrington	1 March 1918[31]	
SA	Hoffnungsthal	Karawirra	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Hoffnungsthal in 1975
SA	Hundred of Basedow[19]	Hundred of French	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Homburg[20]	Hundred of Haig	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Krichauff	Hundred of Beatty	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Paech[21]	Hundred of Cannawigara	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Pflaum[22]	Hundred of Geegeela	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Rhine (North)	Hundred of Jellicoe	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Rhine (South)	Hundred of Jutland	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Scherk[23]	Hundred of Sturdee	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Schomburgk[24]	Hundred of Maude	10 January 1918.	
SA	Hundred of Von Doussa[25]	Hundred of Allenby	10 January 1918.	
SA	Jaenschtown	Kerkanya	10 January 1918.	
NSW	Kaiser Street (Canterbury)	Mons Street	December 1914.	
SA	Kaiserstuhl	Mount Kitchener	10 January 1918.	Renamed Kaiser's Seat in 1975; subsequently changed to Kaiserstuhl
QLD	Kirchheim	Haigslea	10 January 1918.	
SA	Klaebes	Kilto	10 January 1918.	
SA	Klemzig	Gaza	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Klemzig in 1935;[15] football club retained the name Gaza
SA	Krause Rock	Marti Rock	10 January 1918.	
SA	Krichauff[26]	Beatty	10 January 1918.	Changed to Mount Mary 1940
SA	Kronsdorf	Kabminye	10 January 1918.	Changed to Krondorf in 1975
SA	Langdorf	Kaldukee	10 January 1918.	Incorporated in the bounded locality of Tanunda
SA	Langmeil	Bilyara (near Tanunda)	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Langmeil in 1975
SA	Lobethal	Tweedvale	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Lobethal in 1935[15]
QLD	Marburg	Townshend	Jun-17	reverted to Marburg in 1920[12]
QLD	Minden	Frenchton	Oct-16	reverted to Minden in 1930[10]
TAS	Mount Bismarck	Mount Kitchener		
VIC	Mount Bismarck	Mount Kitchener		
SA	Mount Ferdinand[18]	Mount Warrabillinna	10 January 1918.	
SA	Mount Meyer	Mount Kauto	10 January 1918.	
WA	Mueller Park	Kitchener Park		reverted to Mueller Park 1981
SA	Muller's Hill	Yandina Hill	10 January 1918.	
SA	Neudorf	Mamburdi	10 January 1918.	Reverted 1986, became part of Lobethal
SA	Neukirch	Dimchurch	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Neukirch in 1975
SA	New Hamburg	Willyaroo	10 January 1918.	
SA	New Mecklenburg	Gomersal	10 January 1918.	
SA	Oliventhal	Olivedale	10 January 1918.	Became part of Birdwood
SA	Petersburg	Peterborough	10 January 1918.	The Petersburg Times protested against the change until 1919. 
TAS	Reinholtz's PO	Reynold's PO	5 November 1920.	
VIC	Reinholtz's PO	Reynold's PO	5 November 1920[31]	
NSW	Reuss Street (Merewether)	Kilgour Avenue	14 January 1918.	Newcastle section renamed 1918. Merewether Municipality section Reuss Street until 1938.[8]
SA	Rhine Hill	Mons Hill	10 January 1918.	
SA	Rhine Park	Kongolia	10 January 1918.	
SA	Rhine River North	The Somme	10 January 1918.	Changed to Somme Creek 1971
SA	Rhine River South	The Marne	10 January 1918.	Changed to Marne River 1971
SA	Rhine Villa	Cambrai	10 January 1918.	
QLD	Roessler	Applethorpe		 
SA	Rosenthal	Rosedale	10 January 1918.	
NSW	Schlinkers Lane (Ultimo, Sydney)	Bullecourt Lane	1917	No longer exists. Development on 428-466 Harris Street, Ultimo is named "Bullecourt Place".
SA	Schoenthal	Boongala	10 January 1918.	Reverted 1986; incorporated in the bounded locality of Charleston
SA	Schreiberhau	Warre	10 January 1918.	Reverted 1975
SA	Seppelts[28]	Dorrien	10 January 1918.	Incorporated into the bounded locality of Nuriootpa
SA	Siegersdorf	Bultawilta	10 January 1918.	Reverted in 1975; incorporated into the bounded locality of Tanunda
SA	Steinfeld	Stonefield	10 January 1918.	Reverted 1986
SA	Summerfeldt	Summerfield	10 January 1918.	Incorporated into the bounded locality of Palmer
QLD	Teutoburg	Witta	1916	
SA	Vogelsang's Corner	Teerkoore	10 January 1918.	Reverted to Vogelsang Corner 1986; incorporated into the bounded locality of Geranium Plains
TAS	Waldkirch	Freshwater Creek (Anglesea Road, south-west of Grovedale)[citation needed]		
VIC	Waldkirch	Freshwater Creek (Anglesea Road, south-west of Grovedale)[citation needed]		
NSW	Webber's Road (Kogarah)	English Street	7 September 1915.	
TAS	Weinberg Road, Hawthorn	Wattle Road		
VIC	Weinberg Road, Hawthorn	Wattle Road		
TAS	West Prussia Road, Wantirna	Wantirna Road		
VIC	West Prussia Road, Wantirna	Wantirna Road		
SA	Wusser's Nob	Karun Nob	10 January 1918.	Changed to Wusser Nob in 1983
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Getting Around
There are several ways to browse the family tree. The Tree View graphically shows the relationship of selected person to their kin. The Family View shows the person you have selected in the center, with his/her photo on the left and notes on the right. Above are the father and mother and below are the children. The Ancestor Chart shows the person you have selected in the left, with the photograph above and children below. On the right are the parents, grandparents and great-grandparents. The Descendant Chart shows the person you have selected in the left, with the photograph and parents below. On the right are the children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Do you know who your second cousins are? Try the Kinship Relationships Tool. Your site can generate various Reports for each name in your family tree. You can select a name from the list on the top-right menu bar.

In addition to the charts and reports you have Photo Albums, the Events list and the Relationships tool. Family photographs are organized in the Photo Index. Each Album's photographs are accompanied by a caption. To enlarge a photograph just click on it. Keep up with the family birthdays and anniversaries in the Events list. Birthdays and Anniversaries of living persons are listed by month. Want to know how you are related to anybody ? Check out the Relationships tool.


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