|About NUSKE - GRAMBEAU
I have had some interest in my family's heritage for years and with the help and research by
many other family members I have been putting together this family tree. This site may become quiet
large with the inclusion of many of their in-laws as well as far distant relatives.
I do not wish to name individuals as they are numerous but with their generous help, research and
time I have been able to extend my tree even further.
If anyone wishes to have their contributions noted along with their name I am happy to edit this
page to include their name. If anyone finds they could contribute please feel free to send me a
To start with I intended to just include both sides of my family which is Grambeau, Grambau & Nuske,
Krause, Noske and a little about my in-laws, however as the interest grew I found it difficult
to find when i should call it quits, so decided to let the information grow (with the help of
many) and see where it leads. So, you will notice that there are people’s names on this site that
not directly related, so I decided that anyone that has reason to believe their family is connected
to mine no matter how distant (It is a way for them to have the beginnings of their own tree albeit
part of mine).
I thank everyone that has contributed to this site and if there are anyone else that may have any
information like new births/deaths etc. please feel free to contact me.
Changes to German Place Names in South Australia — World War I, compiled by Maureen M Leadbeater.
During World War I anti-German feeling ran high in South Australia. Despite the Lutheran communities
pledging support for the British Crown and those of German descent contributing to the Wounded
Soldiers Fund, "Germans" were victimised. It mattered not if the German-born were naturalised or if
an Australian-born were a third generation born in Australia.
The German newspaper, schools and clubs were closed. Many, particularly community leaders, were
interned, at first on Torrens Island and later in New South Wales. Some internees had sons serving
with the Australian Army and many of these were casualties of the war. Other "Germans" lost their
jobs, leaving their families in financial difficulties. Hermann Robert Homburg, born 1874 in Norwood
to a father who had arrived 20 years earlier, was forced to resign - and he was the Attorney-
By 1917 the anti-German frenzy had spread to German place names. A Nomenclature Committee was set up
to make recommendations for changes from names of "foreign enemy origin" to British or South
Australian native names. Some suggested names were altered by the Government. The Nomenclature Act
was passed in late 1917 and the final list of sixty-nine South Australian place name changes were
gazetted in January 1918. Some names were translations into English, eg Steinfeld to Stonefield,
Bethanien to Bethany. Others were given an aboriginal name, eg Friedrichswalde to Tarnma, Mount
Ferdinand to Mount Warrabillinna. Other names commemorated the battles in France eg Verdun, Polygon
Ridge, Jutland, or the names of Australian military leaders, eg Haig, Allenby, Jellicoe.
Yet the committee overlooked some German names. The capital city, Adelaide, had been named for the
German-born wife of King William IV. Sedan was noted at the time as the name of a German victory in
the 1870 War. However a newspaper correspondent explained that it commemorated the French defeat
rather than the German victory!
Hahndorf, which had been changed to Ambleside, reverted to its original name in 1935. So it is
possible that someone, according to the official records, was born and died in Hahndorf and married
in Ambleside without changing his residence! Other place names were changed back in 1975 and 1986.
Some of these places have been "swallowed" by nearby suburbs.
It is pleasing to note that in 1971 the Hundred of Bockelberg was proclaimed on Eyre Peninsula.
George Baron Bockelberg, MP, was the Australian-born son of a German colonist, Fedor Baron
Bockelberg. Another son, Felix Baron Bockelberg, was killed in action 3-5-1918 at Es Salt,
Palestine. The naming is a step towards recognising and honouring the German settlers who
contributed so much to South Australia and the nation.
There were also German place names changed in other states. The following is a list of the South
Australian changes during WWI with the location and later changes noted. A date only in the later
changes indicates when the placename reverted to its former German name.
Former name: New name: Location: Later changes:
Bartsch's Creek. Yedlakoo Creek. South of Lake Eyre. Bartsch Creek 1986
Basedow. Hundred of French North-east of Hawker.
Bauer. Cape Wondoma. Cape near Streaky Bay 1948.
Berlin Rock. Panpandie Rock. Off Louth Bay, Eyre Peninsula.
Bethanien. Bethany. South-east of Tanunda.
Bismarck. Weeroopa. Now part of Brooklyn Park.
Blumberg. Birdwood. Adelaide Hills.
Blumenthal. Lakkari. Hundred of Mudla Wirra.
Buchfelde. Loos. Near Gawler River, Adelaide Plains.
Carlsruhe. Kunden. Near Waterloo, north of Kapunda.
Ehrenbreitstein. Mount Yerila. West of Lake Callabonna.
Ferdinand Creek. Ernabella Creek. Musgrave Ranges.
Friedrichstadt. Tangari. Hundred of Kuitpo.
Friedrichswalde. Tarnma. North of Kapunda
Gebhardt's Hills. Polygon Ridge. North of Cadell Gebhardt Hills. 1986.
German Creek. Benara Creek. West of Mount Gambier. 1986.
German Pass. Tappa Pass. East of Angaston.
Germantown Hill. Vimy Ridge. South-west of Bridgewater, Adelaide Hills.
Gottlieb's Well. Parnggi Well. South of Terowie.
Grunberg. Karalta. North-east of Angaston. Gruenberg 1975.
Grunthal. Verdun. Near Hahndorf.
Hahndorf. Ambleside. Adelaide Hills. 1935.
Hasse's Mound. Larelar Mound. North-east of Leigh Creek.
Heidelberg. Kobandilla. Now part of Klemzig.
Hergott Springs. Marree. Far-North.
Hildesheim. Punthari. North of Mannum.
Hoffnungsthal. Karrawirra. Near Lyndoch. 1975.
Homburg. Hundred of Haig. Hundred of North-west of Cummins.
Jaenschtown. Kerkanya. Now part of Murray Bridge.
Kaiserstuhl. Mount Kitchener. South-east of Tanunda.
Klaebes Kilto east of Burra
Klemzig Gaza on River Torrens north-east of Adelaide 1935
Krause Rock Marti Rock south-west of Point Drummond near Coffin Bay
Krichauff Beatty between Eudunda and Morgan Mount Mary 1940
Krichauff, Hundred of Beatty, Hundred of between Eudunda and Morgan
Kronsdorf Kabminye south of Tanunda Krondorf 1975
Langdorf Kaldukee near Tanunda
Langmeil Bilyara suburb of Tanunda 1975
Lobethal Tweedvale Adelaide Hills 1935
Meyer, Mount Mount Kauto east of Lake Eyre
Mount Ferdinand Mount Warrabillinna Musgrave Ranges
Muller's Hill Yandina Hill near Copley
Neudorf Mamburdi north-west of Lobethal 1986
Neukirch Dimchurch north-east of Nuriootpa 1975
New Hamburg Willyaroo south of Strathalbyn
New Mecklenburg Gomersal south-west of Tanunda
Oliventhal Olivedale now part of Birdwood
Paech, Hundred of Cannawigra, Hundred of east of Keith
Pflaum, Hundred of Geegeela, Hundred of north-east of Naracoorte
Rhine (North), Hundred of Jellicoe, Hundred of near Keyneton
Rhine (South), Hundred of Jutland, Hundred of near Springton
Rhine Hill Mons west of Sedan
Rhine Park Kongolia east of Cambrai
Rhine River North The Somme Keyneton, into River Marne Somme Creek 1971
Rhine River South The Marne Eden Valley-Cambrai, into River Murray Marne River 1971
Rhine Villa Cambrai south of Sedan
Rosenthal Rosedale north-east of Gawler
Scherk, Hundred of Sturdee, Hundred of County Hopetoun, West Coast
Schoenthal Boongala east of Lobethal 1986
Schomburgk, Hundred of Maude, Hundred of between Burra and Morgan
Schreiberhau Warre near Tanunda Schreiberau 1975
Seppelts Dorrien south of Nuriootpa
Siegersdorf Bultawilta north of Tanunda 1975
Steinfeld Stonefield north-east of Truro 1986
Summerfeldt Summerfield south-west of Mannum
Vogelsang's Corner Teerkoore near Robertstown Vogelsang Corner 1986
von Doussa, Hundred of Allenby, Hundred of south-west of Lameroo
Wusser's Nob Karun Nob near Leigh Creek Wusser Nob 1983
SA Government Gazette, 10 January 1918