The Mi’kmaq Nation originates from the people who discovered and settled Turtle Island (the Americas) about 30,000 years ago. Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island is the unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq Nation that includes the villages of Kespukwitk, Sikepne’katik, Eski’kewaq, Unama’kik, Piktuk aqq Epekwitk, Sikniktewaq, and Kespe’kewaq. Today this geographical area covers Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec, the North Shore of New Brunswick to the Saint John River watershed, Eastern Maine, part of Newfoundland, the Islands in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and St. Pierre, Miquelon.
The Mi’kmaq Nation is governed by the Santé Mawiómi (Grand Council) which includes the kji’saqmaw (Grand Chief), a Putus (Wampum Holder), and a kji’keptan (Grand Captain (advisor on political affairs) and a keptan or saqmaw, a Chief of each village of Mi’kma’ki.
kji’saqmaw Anli Maopeltoog met Jacques Cartier in 1534, if kji’saqmaw Anli Maopeltoog was 100 years old when he died September 18, 1611, then he would have been about 23 years of age in 1534. It is possible that kji’saqmaw Anli Maopeltoog’s father was kji’saqmaw in 1534.
The Membertou and Chegneau (Spelling Variations: Chegoueo, Cheyo, Chego, Chegau, Shegone, Sigogne) families originated in Mi'kma'ki prior to to the arrival of emigrants to Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island. Many of our Mi’kmaq ancestors are documented in early Colony records making it possible to build the family trees and the genetic and genealogical history of the Mi’kmaq Nation.
Genetic genealogy provides a way to identify and document the history of the families of the Mi’kmaq Tribe by testing autosomal DNA to determine an individual’s relationship to the Mi’kmaq Tribe for five generations and beyond. Five generations for a person born in 1942 identifies your genetic relationships to about 1774 and beyond. Testing of one’s mtDNA and yDNA will determine if an individual’s direct female and male lineage is a match to the mtDNA and yDNA ancestral haplogroups of the Mi’kmaq Tribe.
Our genealogical history once completed will provide the truth for reconciliation and better decision-making information to the Santé Mawiómi and other Mi’kmaq leaders, who represent the Mi’kmaq, our Wampum and our Treaties.
If you are of Mi’kmaq ancestry you are welcome to join the Mi’kmaq Family DNA project, the Turtle Island Genealogy Facebook group and to add your family lineage to the Mi’kmaq Nation Genealogy tree.
The family lines in the tree are set to the earliest Mi’kmaq ancestral lines. There are only 18 colours that can be used to track family lineages. Please note this feature is often used to work within the tree to follow Mi’kmaq lineages to add the Mi’kmaq star to the profile of a Mi’kmaq line in the tree. Mi’kmaq lineages in the tree are tracked using the Mi’kmaq star.