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Welcome! This website was created on 21 Nov 2020 and last updated on 04 Oct 2022. The family trees on this site contain 23518 relatives and 824 photos. If you have any questions or comments you may send a message to the Administrator of this site.
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About Mi'kmaq Tribe Genealogy
Members of the Mi’kmaq Tribe are the descendants of the L’nuk (the people) of the Mi’kmaq Tribe (our kin relations) born in Mi’kma’ki (the land of our people) speakers of Mi’kmaw (our official language) in Mi’kma’kik (the territory of our people). 

Mi’kma’kik, Turtle Island includes many villages located in seven territories called Kespukwitk, Sikepne’katik, Eski’kewaq, Unama’kik, Piktuk aqq Epekwitk, Sikniktewaq, and Kespe’kewaq. Turtle Island includes North America, South America, and the Antarctic. Mi’kma’kik today includes Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec, the north shore of New Brunswick to the Saint John River watershed, eastern Maine, part of Newfoundland, and the islands in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and St. Pierre, Miquelon.

The Mi’kmaq Tribe is governed by the Sante Mawiomi (Grand Council) led by a kji’saqmaw (grand chief), a putus (treaty holder and counselor), and a kji’keptan (grand captain, advisor on political affairs) for each village in the seven territories of Mi’kma’kik, Turtle Island. 

A Tribe consists of individuals, families and clans of specific Turtle Island tribal territories that descend from mtDNA and yDNA haplogroups that originate in Turtle Island and shares autosomal DNA. Including other Turtle Island Tribes and admixture DNA from peoples whose DNA is foreign to Turtle Island.  

Words and jargon introduced by peoples foreign to Turtle Island such as Indian, Squaw, Country Wife, Indian Blood, and Metis are racist and debasing and yet continue to be used by many academics, government officials, writers, and individuals today as acceptable language.  There is no such thing as “Indian Blood”. The people of Turtle Island ancestry are homo sapiens. The blood types of homo sapiens are: A+, A-, B+, B-, O+, O-, AB+ and AB.

Our DNA contains information that has been passed down with minor mutations from our early ancestors who discovered and settled Turtle Island thousands of years ago. YDNA tests a direct male line through father to son and MTDNA tests the direct maternal line through mother to daughter.  Although a mother passes her MTDNA to her sons, her sons do not pass on their MTDNA to their sons or daughters. Autosomal DNA tests 22 non-gender specific chromosomes (autosomes) which is inherited from both parents. Autosomal DNA confirms your relationship to each branch of your family (your grandparents) for five generations and beyond, making it possible to confirm one’s relationship to one’s family, clan, and Tribe.  

A haplogroup is a genetic population group of people who share a common ancestor on the paternal or the maternal lines. Top-level haplogroups are assigned letters of the alphabet, and deeper refinements (mutations) consist of additional number and letter combinations specific to where the mutation occurred in the genetic history of homo sapiens. DNA haplogroups are associated with specific geographical areas that link us to the group of people who share ancient ancestors.  

The geographical area of Turtle Island haplogroups descend from a small group of ancestral haplogroups who separated from the “out of Africa” population to discover Turtle Island thousands of years ago. The ancestral MTDNA haplogroups are A, B, C, D and X. The YDNA ancestral haplogroups are Q and C.  People of Turtle Island ancestry say we have been here since “time immemorial”.  A point in time so long ago that we have no knowledge or memory of it.  Given that the youngest of the ancestral MTDNA haplogroups that discovered Turtle Island, MTDNA haplogroup X separated from haplogroup N about 30,000 years ago confirms the oral tradition “since time immemorial” as true.

The DNA sub-haplogroups that originate in Turtle Island and do not originate outside of Turtle Island are MTDNA haplogroups A2, B2c, C1b, C1c, C1d, D1, C4c, D2a, and D4h3a, and X2a.

The YDNA sub-haplogroups that originate in Turtle Island and do not originate outside of Turtle Island are YDNA haplogroups Q-M3, Q-L54, Q-Z780, Q-MEH2, Q-SA01, Q-M346, Q-P89.1, Q-NWT01, C-M217, C-M130, C-P39), R1 (M173) and R-M207.  All of which descend from a single founding population that discovered Turtle Island thousands of years ago.  

The Mi’kmaq shared a kinship, social, political and trade relationship with other Turtle Island Tribes and Confederacies for thousands of years. The Mi’kmaq Tribe is the very first Tribe to have contact with foreigners from other continents.   

The genealogy and history of the Mi’kmaq Tribe can establish the lineages of our earliest known ancestors of the Mi’kmaq Tribe, family pedigrees, and our kinship relationship to other Turtle Island Tribes and foreign monarchies and traders.  

The Membertou, Chegau, Paul, Joe, and Cope, Mi’kmaq families of Mi’kma’kik, Turtle Island, pre-date contact with peoples foreign to Turtle Island. Colonial writer and lawyer, Marc Lescarbot wrote that: "Membertou was already a man of great age, and saw Captain Jacques Cartier in that country in 1534, being already at that time a married man and the father of a family, though even now he does not look more than fifty years old."   Note, the writer of the colonial record, the lawyer to the King of France, refers to Mi'kma'ki, Turtle Island as a country.  

The confederation and creation of the government of Canada only occurred 157 years ago, and yet today entire family lines have disappeared from the records; the seizure of children, adoption, and status and non-status Indian Act legislation has influenced the family lines and genealogy of the descendants of the Mi’kmaq people and founding Tribes of Turtle Island.  

Records are entered in the notes field of the Mi’kmaq tribal tree. Any information regarding birth, marriage, death, occupation, census, land ownership/title, military service, voting lists, family bibles, ownership of fishing schooners, businesses, wills and estates, photographs, treaties, wampum, oral traditions, petroglyph photographs, archaeological finds, Colonial, European, Canada and Vatican records are crucial to determining and documenting the history of the Mi’kmaq Tribe. 

Turtle Island is entered as a place name if a life event occurred in Turtle Island and the Tribal territory is unknown. Once the Tribe of the territory where the life event occurred confirms the territory name the entry of Turtle Island will be updated to the name of the Tribal territory. Canada or the United States is entered as a place name of the colonial governments that are located within the original Turtle Island territories if the life event occurred after the creation of either one of the two colonial governments.  

The coloured dots on the tribal tree represent the oldest proven lineages of the Mi’kmaq Tribe. The Mi’kmaq star indicates the individual is of Mi’kmaq ancestry and the Turtle indicates the individual was born in Turtle Island and married into the Mi’kmaq Tribe. 

The Mi’kmaq Tribe includes the Mi’kmaq families, clans, and names of the members of the Mi’kmaq tribe prior to and after contact with peoples foreign to Mi’kma’ki, Turtle Island.  The tribal tree is not a public resource for private genealogical research. It is a tribal tree that contains the genealogical history and kinship relationships of the tribe created for the members of the Mi’kmaq Tribe.  Access to the tribal tree is not provided to any person that is not of Mi’kmaq ancestry or to any government, education institute, public or private organization that is not a member of the Mi’kmaq Tribe.  

To request member access to the tribal tree, please provide your direct lineage to your Mi’kmaq ancestor and/or ancestors.  Once the information is confirmed it will be added to the tree and you will be provided member access to the tribal tree. Member access to the tribal tree gives you the ability to upload a Mi’kmaq family member photograph and to update the information for your immediate family to contribute to the genealogical history of the Mi’kmaq Tribe.  

You can inquire if your Mi’kmaq ancestor is on the tree by providing the name of your Mi’kmaq ancestor and I will confirm if your ancestor’s name is on the tree.  If you ancestor’s name is on the tree but you do not know how you descend from your ancestor, then you will need to research your lineage and provide how you descend from your Mi’kmaq ancestor for member access to the tree.  

In Turtle Island one's identity is defined as much by one's ancestry as by one’s individual achievement, and the question "Who are you?" is answered by a description of your father, your mother, and your tribe.
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Getting Around
There are several ways to browse the family tree. The Tree View graphically shows the relationship of selected person to their kin. The Family View shows the person you have selected in the center, with his/her photo on the left and notes on the right. Above are the father and mother and below are the children. The Ancestor Chart shows the person you have selected in the left, with the photograph above and children below. On the right are the parents, grandparents and great-grandparents. The Descendant Chart shows the person you have selected in the left, with the photograph and parents below. On the right are the children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Do you know who your second cousins are? Try the Kinship Relationships Tool. Your site can generate various Reports for each name in your family tree. You can select a name from the list on the top-right menu bar.

In addition to the charts and reports you have Photo Albums, the Events list and the Relationships tool. Family photographs are organized in the Photo Index. Each Album's photographs are accompanied by a caption. To enlarge a photograph just click on it. Keep up with the family birthdays and anniversaries in the Events list. Birthdays and Anniversaries of living persons are listed by month. Want to know how you are related to anybody ? Check out the Relationships tool.

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