The L’nu called Mi’kmaq Tribe or Mi’kmaq Nation originated in Turtle Island from a small group of people who discovered Turtle Island about 30,000 years ago. Turtle Island is the original name for the continent that includes South and North America based on the oral tradition that describes the discovery and the settling of the Americas. The L’nu (the people) created the Mi’kmaq (my kin friends) villages that established Mi’kma’ki, the territory of the Mi’kmaq Tribe over 11,000 years ago.
The Mi’kmaq names of the districts of Mi’kma’ki is Kespukwitk, Sikepne’katik, Eski’kewaq, Unama’kik, Piktuk aqq Epekwitk, Sikniktewaq, and Kespe’kewaq. Today this geographical area covers Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec, the north shore of New Brunswick to the Saint John River watershed, eastern Maine, part of Newfoundland, the islands in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and St. Pierre, Miquelon.
The Mi’kmaq Tribe is governed by the Santé Mawiómi (Grand Council) which includes the kji’saqmaw (Grand Chief), a Putus (Wampum and Treaty Holder), and a kji’keptan (Grand Captain (advisor on political affairs) and a keptan or saqmaw, a Chief of each district of Mi’kma’ki.
The genealogy and the history of the Mi’kmaq people is the foundation of the Mi’kmaq Tribe that confirms Mi’kmaq oral tradition and Mi'kmaq social, economic and political systems because for thousands of years these systems were based on trade and inter-tribal "kinship" relationships that are recorded by Wampum and written Treaties with other Tribes and Nations.
We are the L’nu, the people, called Mi’kmaq, my kin friends. We are the L’nu, Mi’kmaq Tribe.