|About The Ratcliffe/Radcliffe/Lockeys and their extended families
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The Ratcliffe Coat of Arms Blazon of Arms:Argent two Bendlets engrales Sable (Silver or White) Indicates Sincerity. Crest: A Bulls head erased sable ducally gored and lined. Origin: England. The Ratcliffe name meaning. Ivor De Tailbois or John Talbot in English the first Earl of Holland and Baron of Kendal was born in Anjou Normandy between the years 1020/30 his brother was the Earl of Normandy,he died in the year 1094 in England,Ivor is claimed to be the proginator of the Radclyff,Radcliff,Ratcliffe family name. Ivor fought alonside William the Conqueror in Norman conquest and the Battle of Hastings in 1066, and in the year 1068 as a reward for his loyalty from now King William of England, he was given estates taken from the Saxon Hereward the Wake in Lincolnshire and Norfolk. Ivor married Lucia Ap Gruffyed Mallet,daughter of Earl Aelfgar,she was of royal line been the grandaughter of Gruffyed King of Wales. Ivor had three children,Lucia De Tailbois,Nicholas Fitzgilbert and Aelftred Tailbois born 1045 know as the "Englishman" in Mercia England. Aelftred marries Adgitha of Northumberland and they have a son Gilbert De Frunesco De Tailbois born about the year 1070, he marries Goditha "Lady Goditha" and they have a son called Nicholas Fitz Gilbert De tailbois born about 1097 he was given the Manor of Radeclive from his Lord,named so because of it's position next to the river Irwell in now Lancashire and renown for it's red clay. On this site he built Radcliffe Tower,the ruins still stand to this day in the town of Radcliffe in Lancashire.The De Radclyff's ranked amongst the most important families in Lancashire including been Knights of the Shire.Eventually the name Tailbois was dropped and the family took on the name De Radclyff,meaning of the RED Cliff who's name variants now take place in the family lineage. Radcliffe Tower Radcliffe Tower stands close to Radcliffe Parish Church and is surrounded on three sides by the River Irwell, on the opposite bank of which is the 'red cliff', which is said to have given Radcliffe its name. Even in its present ruined condition, the Tower stands as an impressive reminder of a time when Radcliffe was a medieval manor, governed by a family who ranked amongst the most important in Lancashire. These were the de Radcliffes and it was a member of this family, James de Radcliffe, who in 1403 ordered the construction of the Tower as part of an ambitious rebuilding of his manor house. Little is know about the manor house of Radcliffe prior to that date, although excavations in 1979-80 by the Bury Archaeology Group suggest that it stood on the site of the later buildings. Its focal point was probably a great hall, built in timber. That the pre-1403 manor house also included a stone tower, as has sometimes been supposed, remains unproven. The 'licence to crenellate' When James de Radcliffe planned the rebuilding of his manor house, his intention was that it should be fortified. This would mean gaining permission from the King. A 'licence to crenellate' was granted to James on the 15th of August 1403 by King Henry IV. Under its terms James was allowed to construct a new great hall and two towers and to enclose these with an outer wall. It has been a continuing debate as to whether one or two towers were built. Sketches do exist showing two, but no present or archaeological evidence exists to support the argument for two towers. The Tower It was built in the local red sandstone and is of a type known as a 'pele tower'. This type of medieval fortification is to be found mainly in the north of England, and were typically rectangular in plan, three stories in height, with a single room on each floor. The ground floor was usually roofed with stone vaulting. All these features are found at Radcliffe Tower but the Tower also includes some more unusual details. The Tower internally measured 12.2 metres thick from north to south by 5.5 metres from east to west, with the walls 1.5 metres thick. In the south-west corner this width increased to 1.8 metres to accomodate a staircase which was built into the thickness of the wall. Elsewhere a double plinth ran along the base of the outside walls and increased the wall thickness to 1.9 metres. The ground floor of the Tower was entered by a doorway in the centre of the west wall. Later history The manor house was occupied for more than a hundred years. In 1517, however, the manor passed to a distant relative Rober Radcliffe, Lord Fitz Walter, who in 1529 was made the Earl of Sussex. In 1561 the third Earl sold the manor to the Assheton family who lived at Middleton Hall, and by the 1670s the manor house and lands were being leased to local farmers. Today the Tower is protected under law as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Purchased from Wimpey by Bury Council in 1988 for a nominal fee of £5, it lies approximately 1km east of Radcliffe town centre off the A6053 (Bury Street). At present there is no public access to the Tower but the building can be viewed from the south end of Sandiford Street. RESEARCH SOURCES: This ever growing family tree is down to the input from my Cousins distant and close,without the help of these people a lot of this research would not have been found,My Second Cousin Colleen O'Grady who now lives in Austarlia is now helping me to put this site together,here are a few names of other cousins and relations to who credit must be given for there research and input: Bernard Arundel(UK Yorkshire),Richelle Trerice Arundel(UK Yorkshire),Kristel Arundel (UK Yorkshire/Australia),Graham Bate (UK Staffordshire),Paul Brown (UK Yorkshire)Tom Cockeram (UK Doncaster Yorkshire )Tony Carroll (UK Yorkshire,)Sarah Eaton (Uk Yorkshire)Patricia Forbes (UK Yorkshire),Audrey Foster(UK Staffordshire),Cedric Fletcher(UK Staffs/W Mids),Wayne Fletcher (Uk Staffs/W Mids),Rhonda Ferntorp (Australia) Jill Hardy (UK Durham/Yorkshire),Roger Hill (UK Yorkshire),Laurence Johnson(UK Yorkshire) Colleen O'Grady(Uk Yorkshire & Australia),Colleen Taylor(USA Pennsylvania) Terry Langhorne(UK Yorkshire),Emma Lee(UK Yorkshire),Carol Loxton(UK Yorkshire)Ian Trippick(UK Somerset)Geoffrey Stewart Nebel (UK Somerset) Shilrley Valente (UK Yorkshire)and Corinne Spencer- McDonnell(USA Alaska) who's work with the Latter- day Saints is of great value to this site.